Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 20

Unit i

Introduction

Courtesy of the Natural Resources Conservation Service

20

FIguRE 2-5 a planning

meeting of the hidalgo
county, texas, Soil and
Water conservation District.
group planning and decisions. SCS personnel would serve as advisors and technicians. In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed that the states enact
laws to establish soil conservation districts. Each district would consist of an
association of local farmers, businesspersons, and others interested in the conservation of local soil and water resources (Figure 2-5).
Also in 1936, the federal government instituted a program of grants to farmers. These grants, or incentive payments, were to assist in the cost of soil conservation and soil-building practices-some of which could be very expensive.
Construction of terraces, drainage systems, waterways, and farm ponds were very
greatly expanded by this effort. Such measures help control erosion by reducing
the speed with which water moves across the soil surface during rainstorms.
These, along with other programs, now fall under the USDA's Agricultural
Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS). In effect, the NRCS helps the
farmer develop a plan for soil and water conservation. The ASCS helps in financing the practices.
As a result of these successes, other federal agencies began to enter the field
of soil and water conservation: the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Department of
Defense, the Bureau of Land Reclamation, and the Bureau of Land Management.
Americans' involvement in this field led to the establishment of the National
Association of Soil and Water Conservation Districts and the Soil Conservation
Society of America. Those two organizations are now known as the National
Association of Conservation Districts and the Soil and Water Conservation
Society of America to reflect their broader missions.
Much has been done since Bennett conducted a soil survey in Louisa County,
Virginia, in 1905. Yet, much more remains to be done. Two-thirds of U.S. cropland needs additional soil conservation practices. Three-fourths of our pasture
and rangeland is in need of improvements. Over half of our forestland needs
better practices. Even on those areas where soil and water management is good,
efforts must be continuous.
Nature does not provide us with thousand-acre cornfields or with quarter-acre
gardens. Humans must change the natural world to make those benefits happen.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp

Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover1
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover2
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - i
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - v
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - vii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - viii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ix
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - x
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xi
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Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover4
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