Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - 37

CHAPtER 3

Concepts in Natural Resources Management

we have no choice but to use our natural resources as fully and wisely as we can.
In working for today, we must keep an eye on the future.

COnSERVAtiOn
Chapter 2 deals extensively with the conservation movement in this country. In
essence, conservationists believe in using nature to produce the maximum longrange benefit for people.
Conservation does not set aside resources simply to have them. A forest is
not something to be prized simply for its own sake. It is a natural resource to
be managed for wood production, a guard against erosion, and a sponge to soak
up rainfall for a thirsty world. It is a place to hunt, hike, camp, picnic, or study.
To the conservationist, a deer is a natural resource. It provides pleasure for
the naturalist. It reproduces and provides food and recreation for the hunter. Just
as the forest is managed partially to harvest trees, a deer population is managed
partially to harvest deer.
Conservation brings to mind sentimental thoughts of nature and beauty,
but the true test for conservation is whether society benefits from its undertakings. Conservation is oriented toward practical use for today and for the future.

PRESERVAtiOn
Some things are worth having and guarding just for their own sake. The Liberty Bell
is a national treasure. Yosemite, the Grand Canyon, and the American bald eagle
are other examples. Such heirlooms of our heritage should be preserved. Why? We
should preserve bald eagles simply because we value them. No other reason is needed.
The National Park Service was established in 1916, and by 1970 it administered some 30 million acres. An additional 7.4 million acres have been included
in state parks throughout the United States.
At the same time, we must balance our desire for preservation with our needs
as a people. Preservation is a part of conservation, but only a small part. In seeking to
preserve a natural area, such as millions of acres in Alaska, we must ask several questions.
Can we use such resources without destroying them, as we can with forests? Can we
afford to set aside such resources? Which is more important, economic growth or the
preservation of nature? With this last question, the growth of the human population
surely must be considered. Is it important to preserve a rare insect from extinction? After
all, once it is gone, it is gone forever from the earth. Or is it more important to keep
workers employed and produce hydroelectric power as a result of a dam being built?
Such questions are being asked in this country every year. Conservationists
and preservationists would probably answer from different perspectives. We all
live in the same ecosystem. We must learn to work together. We need a new
national attitude toward managing our natural resources.

MULtiPLE USE
A concept originating with foresters gained popularity among all conservationists
in the twentieth century. That concept is multiple use.
A forest can be used for recreation as well as for the production of wood. A
lake can be used as a water reservoir, for fishing, and as a flood-control measure.

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp

Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover1
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover2
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - i
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - v
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - vii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - viii
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Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover4
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