Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ixx

How to Use tHis text

392

Units II through VI end with chapters on careers relevant to the unit content� Each unit also concludes with a case study:

Unit V

xix

Fish and Wildlife Resources

uNIT V : CASE STuDY
the Whaling Controversy
In the beginning of this book, we discussed how the usefulness of any specific natural resource changes.
Whaling typifies this change in attitudes. Whale oil once provided the world with much-needed products like
lighting, heating, food, margarine, soaps, and lubricants. In fact, proper young ladies often wore whalebone
and baleen corsets to enhance their figures. Ambergris, a substance formed in the intestines of whales, was
used in cosmetics, potions, pain remedies, and perfume. Today, many see whaling as unnatural and feel
that there is no need to commercially harvest whales. Technologies such as the advent of petroleum-based
products and hydrogenation of vegetable oils to make margarine have dramatically decreased the need for
whale products. Others argue that whaling provides meat more efficiently than agriculture in some countries
and that anti-whalers are overlooking cultural values (Figure V-(A)).

Unit 1 - Eyes in the Night: The Debate over Wolf Reintroduction in North
America examines the precarious status of the wolf and their reintroduction into the United States�
THE CASE FOR WHALINg
Unit 2 - Let's Go to the Beach discusses the pros and cons of coastal development�
Unit 3 - The Tale of the Pesky Mollusk describes the invasion of the
zebra mussel, brought on by human activity, in the waters of North
America�
Unit 4 - Hey! Don't Eat My Trees! describes the introduction of another
pesky invader, the Asian long-horned beetle, into the United States, an
event brought on by shipping and trade with other countries�
Unit 5 - The Whaling Controversy examines the history and current
attitudes on whaling and how values, economics and cultural beliefs
can factor into the debate�
Unit 6 - Forest and Foes investigates the two philosophies behind forest
management-the perspectives of the preservationist and the conservationist�
Unit 7 - To Regulate or Not to Regulate-That Is the Question examines the
controversy over federal government involvement within the energy sector�
FIguRE V-A A humpback whale breeching.

Unit 8 - GMOS and the Environment: Where Do We Draw the Line?
investigates the pros and cons of genetic engineering�

Source: US Fish and Wildlife Service

Source: Robin Hunter/US Fish and Wildlife Service

In the past, whales were overharvested because of high demand and because they were fairly easy
to kill. Today the demand comes from a small segment of the world's population who value the meat
because of the historic contribution whale meat has made to the diet and culture of these populations
(Figure V-(B)).
The Norwegian quota of minke whales (1,286 in 2012, up from 425 in 1996) can be harvested from a
northeast Atlantic population of over 110,000 with little or no risk to the population.
Whaling in Japan, Norway, and Iceland uses less fossil fuel than does raising of chicken, pork, or feedlot beef. To these countries, whaling is the most economical and environmentally friendly method of
meat production.
Whales and humans compete for the same marine
fisheries. If whales were no longer harvested, they
could become a serious competitor to the seafood
industry.
In Japan, some coastal villages use whale products
for more than 30 cultural events.

FIguRE V-B This group of native Alaskans is

butchering a whale for food. This is referred
to as subsistence harvesting and is related
both to historical and cultural practices and
to a need for inexpensive food.

Appendix

A

In addition, the Appendices included at the back of the book provide a
wealth of information for further study:
Appendix A provides a list of links to authoritative Web sites that can
be trusted to provide accurate information�
Appendix B describes several Safety Certification programs that may
be of interest: Hunter Safety, Boating Safety, and others�
Appendix C provides a method for improving the safety of your school
laboratory or workplace�
Appendix d offers suggested Supervised Agricultural Experience
Programs that might be valuable to you�
Appendix E includes several additional case studies in addition to
those at the ends of the units�

Web sites Dealing
with Natural
Resources and
Environmental
Management

Web sites change frequently. These sites were all checked for accuracy
and were active as of December 29, 2013. If one of the sites is no longer
active, try searching for the Web site using the description provided.

526



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp

Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover1
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Cover2
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - i
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - iv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - v
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - Contents
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - vii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - viii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ix
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - x
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xiii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xiv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xv
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xvi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xvii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xviii
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - ixx
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xx
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xxi
Managing Our Natural Resources, 6e, Camp - xxii
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