Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - 11

11

Introduction

nonindustry, third-party review of an educational program.
Three leading accreditation agencies are
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HVAC Excellence,
the Partnership for Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Accreditation (PAHRA), and
the National Center for Construction Education and
Research.

The process validates that the established standards of excellence for HVAC/R educational programs are met. These
standards are designed to ensure that our future workforce
receives the quality of training required to provide the skills
necessary for success in the HVAC/R industry. The Department of Education in its Code of Federal Regulations, Title
34, sets guidelines and defines criteria for who can be an
accredited body but does not do any accrediting itself.
The standards require a thorough examination of the
programs:
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Mission
Curriculum
Plans of instruction
Finances and funds
Administrative responsibilities
Equipment and tools
Facilities
Instructor's qualifications

Programmatic accreditation provides an HVAC/R program
with an opportunity to recognize both its strengths and
weaknesses. Some of the benefits of programmatic accreditation include the following:
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Enhanced student confidence in the quality of the program
Assurance and confidence of employers that student graduates are properly trained
Enhanced student placement and employer satisfaction
Acceptability of transfer credits for students
Self-evaluation of faculty and staff
Enhanced articulation agreements with other HVAC/R
programs and institutions
Assistance in acquiring federal, state, and private funding
Creation of self-improvement goals

Skill standards are often described as workplace behaviors,
technical skills, and the general body of knowledge required
of technicians to be successful, productive, and competitive
in today's workforce. As HVAC/R manufacturers increase the
efficiency and sophistication of their equipment, technicians
require additional, updated information as well as a sound technical skills base to maintain, install, and service this equipment.
The increased number of environmental regulations concerning
more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly HVAC/R
equipment have also created a new knowledge and skills base
for technicians to learn and use on their jobs. Although it is
difficult to provide all users of this text with information on
the vast array of issues covered in the NSS, the authors have
made every effort to do so. We hope both private and public
institutions as well as the industry will use our comprehensive
book to provide both students and workers with the competencies needed for successful employment and advancement in the
ever-changing and growing technical HVAC/R field.
The NSS are divided into three main areas with subdivisions as follows:
CORE KNOWLEDGE
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OCCupatiONaL-SpECifiC SKiLLS
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The National Skill Standards (NSS), as interpreted by the
Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States
(VTECS) for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration
Technicians, were funded by the U.S. Department of Education from 1992 to 1998 as part of twenty-two projects from
the National Skill Standards Board. The NSS were created
by a joint effort of committees composed of heating, airconditioning, and refrigeration industry professionals. These
skill standards not only help technicians identify the skills
and knowledge needed for their occupation but also assess
their weaknesses and/or needs for additional training.

Core skills
Occupational-specific skills

WORKpLaCE BEhaviORS
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Ethics
Environment
Communications
Professionalism
Problem solving

The core skills consist of:
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NaTIoNaL SKILL STaNDaRDS

Communications
Mathematics
Science

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Safety and environment
Electrical principles
Electric motors
Controls
Refrigeration principles and practices
Heating principles and practices
Air-conditioning principles and practices
Piping principles and practices

The occupational-specific skills consist of:
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Residential and light-commercial heating
Residential and light-commercial air-conditioning
Residential and light-commercial heat pumps
Commercial conditioned-air systems
Commercial refrigeration

For more detailed information on the NSS, go to
https://www.federalregister.gov/agencies/national-skill
-standards-board.


https://www.federalregister.gov/agencies/national-skill-standards-board https://www.federalregister.gov/agencies/national-skill-standards-board

Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e

Contents
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - Cover1
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - Cover2
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - i
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - ii
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - iii
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - Contents
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Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - Cover4
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