Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - v

v

contents
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.16
7.17
7.18
7.19

Unit 8

Leak Detection, System evacuation,
and System cleanup
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9

Unit 9

Cutting Tubing
Bending Tubing
Soldering and Brazing Processes
Heat Sources for Soldering and Brazing
Fluxing
Soldering Techniques
Brazing Techniques
Practical Soldering and Brazing Tips
Making Flare Joints
Swaging Techniques
Compression Fittings
Steel and Wrought Iron Pipe
Installing Steel Pipe
Plastic Pipe
Alternative Mechanical Piping
Connections

Leaks
Basic Refrigerant Leak Detection
Advanced Leak Detection
Standing Pressure Test
Leak Detection Tips
Repairing Leaks
System Evacuation
General Evacuation Procedures
Cleaning a Dirty System

Refrigerant and oil chemistry and
Management-Recovery, Recycling,
Reclaiming, and Retrofitting
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
9.10
9.11
9.12
9.13
9.14
9.15
9.16
9.17
9.18
9.19
9.20
9.21
9.22

Refrigerants and the Environment
Ozone Depletion
Global Warming
Refrigerants
CFC Refrigerants
HCFC Refrigerants
HFC Refrigerants
Hydrofluoro-Olefin (HFO) Refrigerants
Hydrocarbon (HC) Refrigerants
Naming Refrigerants
Refrigerant Blends
Popular Refrigerants and Their
Compatible Oils
Refrigerant Oils and Their Applications
Oil Groups
Regulations
Recover, Recycle, or Reclaim
Methods of Recovery
Mechanical Recovery Systems
Recovering Refrigerant from Small
Appliances
Reclaiming Refrigerant
Refrigerant Retrofitting
Refrigerants and Tools in the Future

Unit 10 System charging
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6

Charging a Refrigeration System
Vapor Refrigerant Charging
Liquid Refrigerant Charging
Weighing Refrigerant
Using Charging Devices
Using Charging Charts

158
159
161
162
168
169
171
172
175
176
177
178
182
182

10.7
10.8

Subcooling Charging Method
for TxV Systems
Charging Near-Azeotropic (Zeotropic)
Refrigerant Blends

Unit 11 calibrating instruments
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7

Calibration
Temperature-Measuring Instruments
Pressure Test Instruments
Electrical Test Instruments
Electronic Refrigerant Leak Detection
Devices
Flue-Gas Analysis Instruments
General Maintenance

277
279

284
284
284
288
289
291
292
293

184

187
187
189
191
193
195
198
199
210
218

223
223
224
225
226
227
227
228
228
229
233
234
235
240
241
242
243
245
248
255
258
258
264

267
267
267
269
272
273
274

Section 3: Automatic Controls
Unit 12 Basic electricity and Magnetism
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.9
12.10
12.11
12.12
12.13
12.14
12.15
12.16
12.17
12.18
12.19
12.20
12.21
12.22
12.23

Atomic Structure
Movement of Electrons
Conductors
Insulators
Electricity Produced from Magnetism
Current
Units of Electrical Measurement
The Basic Electric Circuit
Making Electrical Measurements
Ohm's Law
Characteristics of Series Circuits
Characteristics of Parallel Circuits
Electrical Power
Magnetism
Inductance
Transformers
Capacitance
Impedance
Electrical Measuring Instruments
Sine Waves
Wire Sizes
Circuit Protection Devices
Semiconductors

Unit 13 introduction to Automatic controls
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6

Types of Automatic Controls
Devices that Respond to Thermal Change
The Bimetal Device
Control by Fluid Expansion
The Thermocouple
Electronic Temperature-Sensing Devices

Unit 14 Automatic control components
and Applications
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.5
14.6
14.7
14.8
14.9
14.10

Temperature Controls
Low-Voltage Space Temperature Controls
Line-Voltage Space Temperature Controls
Sensing the Temperature of Solids
Measuring the Temperature of Fluids
Pressure-Sensing Devices
Pressure Transducers
High-Pressure Controls
Low-Pressure Controls
Oil Pressure Safety Controls

296
296
297
298
298
298
299
299
299
300
300
304
304
305
305
306
307
308
310
310
314
315
316
319

326
326
326
328
331
333
336

339
339
341
345
347
349
352
356
357
358
359



Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e

Contents
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - Cover1
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - Cover2
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - i
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - ii
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - iii
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - Contents
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - v
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - vi
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - vii
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - viii
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - ix
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Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Technology, 8e - Cover4
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