Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 12

Figure 1-7a, b A large number of pet food products are now available at retail stores, pet supply stores, farm stores,

© iStock.com/anyaivanova

and other outlets. These two photos (A, B) show some of the many products available at a retail store.

Large numbers of
small animals are also used in
research. In 2010 alone, 1,134,693
animals were used for research
projects.

Figure 1-8

Estimated veterinary expenditures in 2011 by the American Veterinary
Medical Association (AVMA), in its publication U.S. Pet Ownership &
Demographics Sourcebook, were nearly $19.1 billion for dogs, $7.4 billion
for cats, and $144.8 million for birds. These figures represent increases in
veterinary expenses of 18.6 percent for dogs, and 4.2 percent for cats and
40.9 percent for birds since 2006.4
Figures from the United States Department of Agriculture in the Animal
Welfare Enforcement Report for fiscal year 2010 showed a total of 1,134,693
animals used in laboratory research. Of this total, there were 64,930 dogs,
21,578 cats, 71,317 primates, 213,029 guinea pigs, 145,895 hamsters, and
210,172 rabbits. Since the use of birds, laboratory rats, and laboratory mice
is currently excluded from Animal Welfare Act (AWA) regulation, no accurate figure is available, although the Animal Welfare Enforcement Report lists
303,107 other animals used in research. See Figure 1-8.
Registered with the AWA for fiscal year 2009 were 1,257 research facilities, 2,732 exhibitors, 4,929 dealers, 246 carriers, and 256 intermediate
handlers. Dealers are individuals who sell regulated animals for research or
exhibition, or as pets in the wholesale channels. The AWA also covers dealers
who sell dogs and cats through wholesale channels for the purpose of hunting, breeding, and security.
Research facilities that use animals (as defined by the AWA) for research,
teaching, tests, or experiments must be registered under the AWA. Such
facilities can include hospitals, colleges and universities, diagnostic laboratories, and many private firms in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology
industries. Exhibitors are licensed, and typically operate animal acts, carnivals,
circuses, public zoos, "roadside zoos," or marine mammal displays. Many
of the animals exhibited are species not native to the United States (e.g.,
nonhuman primates and exotic cats), but exhibited species may also include
farm animals and wild animals native to this country. Carriers registered
with the USDA include airlines, motor freight lines, railroads, and other
shipping businesses. Registered intermediate handlers are ground freight
handlers. Intermediate handlers usually (1) provide services for animals

© 2016 Cengage Learning®

Section I

© 2016 Cengage Learning®

12


http://www.iStock.com/anyaivanova

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xviii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xx
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 3
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 4
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 5
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 6
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 7
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 8
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 9
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 10
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 11
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 12
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 13
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 14
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 15
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 16
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 17
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 18
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 19
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 20
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 21
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 22
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 23
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 24
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 25
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 26
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 27
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 28
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 29
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 30
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 31
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 32
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 33
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 34
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 35
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 36
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 37
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 38
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 39
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 40
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 41
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 42
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 43
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 44
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 45
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 46
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 47
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 48
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 49
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 50
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 51
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 52
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 53
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 54
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 55
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 56
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 57
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 58
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 59
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 60
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 61
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/autoservice5e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/bodystructures13e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/refrigerationactech8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/medterminology8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/naturalresources6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/heavydutytruck6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/sportsmedicine2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriculturalmechanics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introductoryhorticulture
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/basicrobotics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/weldingprinciplesandapplications
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/delmars_electricity
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/modernlivestock_poultryproduction2016
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introtoveterinaryscience_2016thirdedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/wildlifeandnaturalresourcemanagement_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/smallanimalcare_management_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/century21_10e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriscience6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_first
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/automotivetech6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/dreamweaver_revealed
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_intro
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com