Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 19

Chapter 2

Salmonellosis is a disease caused by infection from Salmonella bacteria.
The bacteria can be transmitted to humans and animals; children and the
elderly are especially at risk. Inflammation of the stomach and intestines
results in vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Symptoms usually appear
12 to 72 hours after infection, and the illness usually lasts four to seven days.
Dogs, cats, birds, guinea pigs, hamsters, rats, mice, and rabbits can be
carriers of the Salmonella bacteria. Carriers are animals that appear healthy,
but carry disease-causing organisms that can infect other animals or humans. Pet turtles and other reptiles are a common source of infection in
humans. Improper handling or consumption of raw meat or dairy products
can also result in salmonellosis. Proper sanitation and husbandry practices
will greatly reduce the risk for infection. See Figure 2-5.
Streptococcal bacteria infections cause sore throats, especially in children, and can be transmitted by dogs. Streptococcal bacteria infections can
range from mild skin infections or sore throat to severe, life-threatening
conditions. Approximately 10 million cases of mild infections from streptococcal bacteria occur annually. Most infections are relatively mild illnesses,
such as strep throat, which causes soreness to the throat, or impetigo, a mild
infection of the skin. Impetigo begins as tiny blisters that eventually burst
and leave small wet patches of red skin that may seep fluid.
Streptococcal bacteria can be transmitted by pets. Children are most susceptible. Proper hand washing and other sanitary measures are important to
reduce the spread of the bacteria. Treatment with antibiotics for 24 hours or
longer generally eliminates the infected person's ability to spread the bacteria.
Infected animals can also be treated with antibiotics. If infected conditions
don't improve, if redness develops, or if sores don't heal, a doctor should be
consulted, because these symptoms may be a sign of a more serious infection.

© Gladskikh Tatiana/Shutterstock.com

Injuries from animal attacks, especially animal bites, are a major community health problem in the United States. While many bite injuries
are minor, a few are fatal. Approximately 4.7 million Americans are
bitten by dogs each year. Of those, 800,000 will seek medical attention for their bites and more than one-third will require treatment in

Proper sanitation is important in
controlling salmonellosis. Children should be taught
to wash their hands after handling or playing with
animals.

Figure 2-5

Safety

19



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
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