Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 24

Section I
In 2010, rabies cases among cats increased for the third consecutive year.
Three times more rabid cats were reported than rabid dogs. Unvaccinated
cats that are allowed to roam outdoors are at the highest risk for rabies
infection. Vaccination programs have helped control rabies in dogs, but the
feral or wild cat population is a host reservoir (serves as an immune host)
for the rabies virus. Cats that are allowed outside or that are housed outside
are more likely to run across infected wild animals or infected stray dogs or
cats. In addition, cat owners might not be as likely to visit a veterinarian's
office, where they can receive shots that can keep their cats safe from rabies.
In 2010, the number of cases of rabies in cats increased by 1 percent, whereas
the cases in dogs decreased by 14.8 percent. Rabies cases appear to be most
common during the summer months. See Figures 2-12 and 2-13.
During the twentieth century, the number of human deaths attributed
to rabies declined from 100 or more each year to an average of one to two
each year. This decline in human cases is a result of animal control and vaccination programs that began in the 1940s, and the development of effective
rabies vaccine and antibodies. Two deaths in humans as a result of rabies
were reported in 2010. (Refer to Chapter 7 for more information on rabies.)
If one is exposed to a potentially rabid animal, one should wash the
wound with soap and water and seek medical attention immediately.
Whether to provide rabies treatment for a patient bitten by an animal
will depend on the following criteria:
●

the species of the animal that caused the bite

●

the frequency of rabies in the community
Rabid Cats and Dogs Reported in the United States during 2011

Counties (n=2,533)
Rabid Dogs
2
Rabid Cats
10
1

Tested

900

1

600

2-7
8-799

300
0

Most of the cases of rabid dogs and cats reported in 2011 were in
states along the East Coast of the United States.

Figure 2-12

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

© 2016 Cengage Learning®

24



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
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Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiii
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Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxii
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