Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 25

Chapter 2
Number of Rabies Cases Among
Dogs and Cats, United States-2008-2010
350
303

300

294

300
250
200

100

75

81

69

50
0

2008

2009
Dogs
Cats

2010

© 2016 Cengage Learning®

150

The chart shows the number of cases
of rabies among dogs and cats in the United States
for the years 2008-2010.

Figure 2-13

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
●

the circumstances surrounding the bite (Was the animal
provoked or was it an unprovoked attack?)

●

the behavior of the biting animal

●

whether the animal can be quarantined and observed

●

whether the animal's head (in the case of a wild animal) can be
sent in for laboratory examination of the brain.4

Animal care workers should be alert to animals that are vicious or
potentially hazardous. These workers can protect themselves against
rabies. Preexposure vaccinations can be given either intramuscularly
or intradermally and consist of three injections, one injection per day
on days 0, 7, and 21 or 28.5
Intramuscular injections are given within the muscle and intradermal
injections are given within the layers of skin. Workers who have received
these injections would then need only two intramuscular boosters if they
become exposed. Unprotected workers will require a much more expensive series of five intramuscular injections of rabies vaccine and one rabies
immune gamma globulin (antibodies) injection over a 28-day period.
Current vaccines are relatively painless and are given in the arm.
In general, proper treatment of animal bites and scratches is very important in preventing infection and more serious complications. First-aid procedures for bites and scratches include immediately and thoroughly washing
the area with soap and water. This should be followed by medical attention;
most doctors will give a tetanus shot if none has been received within the
past ten years. Proper bandaging of the wound and appropriate antibiotics
will also be given.
Proper handling of animals is also important to prevent injury to workers;
all animal care workers should be instructed in proper techniques. To prevent animal bites, children should be taught to avoid unfamiliar animals, and
be cautioned that any animal may bite if frightened, ill, or injured. Familiar
animals may bite when startled or disturbed when sleeping or eating, or if

Safety

25



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xviii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xx
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 1
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