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Section I
they are handled roughly. Small children should always be supervised when
handling or playing with animals.
The proper handling of animals is covered in each chapter; for information on a specific species of animals, refer to that chapter.
The following steps can be taken to protect yourself and family members
from rabies:
1. Do not feed, touch, or adopt wild animals or stray dogs and cats.
Children should be taught to stay away from stray animals, even though
the animal may appear friendly or tame. One of the signs of rabies is behavior change. An animal may appear unusually aggressive or unusually
tame. If a wild animal is on your property, leave it alone. If the animal
exhibits unusual behavior, contact your local animal control authorities.
2. Be sure your pets have up-to-date rabies vaccinations. Check with your
local veterinarian about when and how often to get the shots needed to
protect your pets.
3. Family pets should be kept indoors at night. Pets should not be allowed
to roam the neighborhood unattended.
4. Don't leave pet food outside that will attract stray and wild animals.
Keep lids on garbage cans.
5. Make sure there are no openings to the attic, basement, porch, or garage. Make sure screens on doors and windows are in good repair so
bats and other animals can't enter the house.
If your pet has been bitten by another animal, the following steps should
be taken:
1. Wear gloves when handling your pet. Rabies can be spread from the
saliva of an infected animal. Saliva from an infected animal can enter a
scratch or cut and can also be transferred to the eyes or mouth.
2. Isolate your pet from other animals and people.
3. Call your veterinarian. Vaccinated pets will need a booster shot.
4. Report the bite to local animal control authorities.
5. Unvaccinated pets will need to be isolated for a period of 10 to 14 days
or longer for observation.

ticks and Lyme Disease
Ticks are frequent carriers of diseases that can cause illness in people and
animals. Although an animal that has been infected through a tick bite will
not pass the disease on to a person, the animal may carry disease-bearing
ticks into households and yards, where the tick may later bite a human.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is found in all areas of the country and is primarily transmitted by the American dog tick (Dermacentor
variabitis), the Rocky Mountain wood tick (Dermacentor andersoni), and the
brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), although other species of tick
may also be carriers. See Figure 2-14.
The organism that causes the disease is Rickettsia rickettsii. The Rickettsia
organism multiplies in the cells of the small peripheral blood vessels. Fever,



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
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