Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 27

Chapter 2

Cases per million
NN
0
0.2-1.5
1.5-19
19-63

This map shows the geographic distribution of Rocky Mountain
Spotted Fever (RMSF) incidence in 2010.

Figure 2-14

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

headache, nausea, vomiting, and skin rash are symptoms of Rocky Mountain
spotted fever. Early diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics is important.
Anyone who experiences these symptoms within two weeks of a possible
tick bite or exposure should see a doctor immediately. If not treated, Rocky
Mountain spotted fever can cause death. Normal grooming of animals after
they have been outside will help locate and eliminate ticks. Attached ticks
should be removed carefully; one must avoid breaking off the mouthparts
in the skin because they may cause infection. Forceps and gloves should be
used to avoid contamination of the fingers, and the area should be treated
with antiseptic.
Lyme disease is a tick-transmitted disease affecting both humans and
animals. In 1969, a grouse hunter in Wisconsin developed a strange red rash
around a tick bite; this is believed to be the first documented case of the rash
that is often the first symptom of the disease.
In 1977, doctors observed arthritis-like symptoms in a group of children
in the town of Lyme, Connecticut. These doctors are credited with giving the
disease its present name.
Lyme disease was reported in 31 states in 1989 and in 47 states in
1992. In 1982, 492 cases were reported to the CDC, and more than
7,000 cases were reported in 1989. By 1998, 49 states and the District
of Columbia had reported cases of Lyme disease. Almost 17,000
cases were reported in 1998. In 2011, nearly 24,364 cases were reported to the CDC. Based on reported cases, during 2011, 96 percent
of Lyme disease cases occurred in 13 states: New York, Connecticut,
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Wisconsin, Maryland, Massachusetts,
Minnesota, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Virginia, and
Delaware.6 See Figure 2-15.

Ā© 2016 Cengage LearningĀ®

DC

Safety

27



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xviii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xx
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxii
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