Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 31

Chapter 2

* Per 100,000 persons.

≥20.0
5.0-19.9
2.0-4.9
0.5-1.9
0.1-0.4
0
Not reportable

Of the 1,092 cases of babesiosis reported during 2011, 97 percent
occurred in the following seven states: Connecticut, Massachusetts, Minnesota,
New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin.

Figure 2-20

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

as fever, chills, sweats, headache, body aches, loss of appetite, nausea,
or fatigue. Because Babesia parasites infect red blood cells, babesiosis
can cause hemolytic anemia (from destruction of red blood cells).
Babesiosis can be a severe, life-threatening disease, particularly in
people who 1) do not have a spleen; 2) have a weak immune system for
other reasons (such as cancer, lymphoma, or AIDS); 3) have other serious health conditions (such as liver or kidney disease), or are elderly.7
Ticks are found in grassy or wooded areas and can be brought into the
home by dogs and cats that have been allowed outside. Adult ticks usually crawl
around on a person for some time before they decide to attach themselves to
the skin and are usually large enough to see and remove; however, the small
larvae are so tiny that they may go unnoticed. Daily showers and personal
hygiene are important in helping eliminate these small larvae. Pet owners
should wash their hands and arms after grooming a pet that has been outside
and pet care workers should wear gloves when washing and grooming animals.
If ticks have attached themselves, they can be removed by grasping the
tick as close to the head as possible and pulling it straight out, being careful
not to squeeze or twist it. Be careful not to break off the head or to crush the
tick, because this may serve as a means of infection. After the tick has been
removed, disinfect the area with alcohol or another disinfectant.
Pet owners who allow their pets outside and humane shelter workers are
probably at greatest risk. All persons working in high-risk areas should wear
rubber gloves and take necessary precautions. Other persons at high risk are
trappers, hunters, hikers, and others who venture into grassy and wooded areas. When in areas where ticks may be found, wear long pants, long-sleeved
shirts, and long socks to keep ticks off the skin. The use of insect repellent
with 20 to 30 percent DEET is recommended.

Safety

31



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xviii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xx
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 1
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