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Section I
zippered-type canvas bag with its head exposed. To hold the cat's head, place
the palm of the hand on the back of the head and grasp the head between
the thumb and fingers.
Cats can be transported in small cages or cat carriers. Care should be
taken when removing the cat from the carrier to prevent injury to the cat or
the handler. If you need to take an unhappy cat out of a carrier, get a more
experienced handler to show you how to do it safely. You may need to use
gloves when reaching into the carrier. Some cats are able to bite through
heavy leather gloves, and the gloves can inhibit your ability to get a good grip
on the cat. The cat should be grabbed by the scruff of the neck with one hand
and then grabbed by the rear legs with the other hand. The cat can then be
lifted up and removed from the carrier.
Cats can be caught and restrained by a catch pole, which is a device that
consists of a five- or six-foot pole with a rope and noose attached. The noose
should be slipped over the animal's head and front legs and around the chest.
This tool should be used only when all other methods of restraint have failed.
Improper use of a catch pole can injure or even kill an animal. Cloth muzzles
for cats can be used to keep a cat from biting during procedures. In addition
to holding the mouth shut, these muzzles cover the eyes of the cat, helping
to calm it.
Dogs can be restrained while the animal is in a standing or sitting
position by placing one arm under the dog's neck with the forearm holding the head. The other arm is placed around the animal's body, and the
animal is held close to the handler's body. This procedure is referred to as
sternal recumbency and allows the handler to keep the dog on its belly.
Dogs can be placed in a lying position by reaching over the back of the
animal and grabbing the front legs with one hand and the rear legs with the
other hand. The animal should be gently lifted and the animal's body allowed
to slide down into a lying position. The handler's forearms can be lowered to
rest against the animal's head and body to restrain the animal. This procedure is referred to as lateral recumbency.
Muzzles can be used to prevent bites. Muzzles are placed over the dog's
mouth. Different sizes are available, and care must be taken to ensure that
the muzzle fits snugly and comfortably. A muzzle can be made from a narrow strip of gauze or cloth as follows:
1. Make a loop in the material and slip the loop over the dog's nose and
mouth.
2. Tighten the loop by pulling on the ends.
3. Then cross the ends under the dog's jaw and bring them up behind the
ears and tie them in a bow. See Figures 2-23 and 2-24.
4. The bow can be untied quickly by pulling on the ends.
Elizabethan collars, or e-collars, are protective devices that are used
to prevent an animal, usually a dog or cat, from licking or biting at its body
or scratching at its head or neck while wounds or injuries heal. E-collars
can be purchased from veterinarians or pet stores. The collars are usually
made from a nonbrittle plastic. They are shaped like a cone and look like
a lampshade. The collar slips over the animal's head and is fastened to the



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
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