Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 36

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Section I
common portal of entry into the body. To prevent absorption through the
skin, the worker must wear protective clothing and equipment.
Gloves should be worn by workers when handling chemicals. Plastic
or rubber unlined gloves that are liquid-proof are commonly used when
handling chemicals. Canvas, cotton, or leather gloves should not be worn,
because they can be soaked with the chemicals and provide a continuous
source of exposure. For handling animals that may bite or scratch, leather
and Kevlar gloves are available.
Closed-toe shoes or boots are required for working safely around animals. Boots with no-slip soles should be worn when working on wet floors.
Shoes with steel toes may be beneficial to workers handling large cages and
heavy equipment.
Workers' eyes should be protected at all times when working with
chemicals. Tight-fitting goggles with anti-fog lenses and ventilation holes
are recommended as the best protection; however, full-face shields also
provide protection against chemicals splashed into the face. Some jobs
may require workers to obtain a pesticide license to utilize pesticides in
the workplace. Workers in areas of high noise levels should wear ear protectors; damage to hearing can result from prolonged exposure to loud
noises.
Uniforms, overalls, lab coats, or other personal protective equipment
(PPE) should be worn when working with animals that may be sick, or when
working with potentially toxic substances. Protective clothing should be
laundered daily and not worn outside the facility.
Respirators provide protection from inhaling toxic substances; workers
should read labels to determine proper use of respirators.
An important component of workplace safety is Safety Data Sheets
(SDS). Safety Data Sheets are forms that contain data regarding the properties of a particular substance. The sheets provide workers and emergency
personnel with safe procedures for handling or working with a particular
substance. Other information in an SDS includes physical properties of the
substance, toxicity, health effects, first-aid precautions, reactivity, storage requirements, proper disposal procedures, proper protective equipment to use
when handling the substance, and safe handling procedures.

GeNeraL GUIDeLINeS FOr SaFetY
No safety guidelines can cover all situations, so it is extremely important
for workers and students to follow all instructions from supervisors and
teachers and on all labels when handling chemicals. The proper procedures
in treating and reporting accidents should be taught. The following are some
general guidelines to follow for safety in the workplace or school laboratory.
1. Always wear protective clothing and equipment when the job requires it.
2. Always wash protective clothing and equipment after use to prevent
contamination.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
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