38 Section I reVIeW QUeStIONS 1. What is a parasite? 2. What is a host? What is an intermediate host? 3. What is a zoonosis? 4. What is the life cycle of the deer tick and the black-legged tick? 5. What is the life cycle of the Western black-legged tick? 6. Why are children and the elderly more at risk from some of the diseases and injuries covered in this chapter? 7. Why shouldn't a pregnant woman handle a cat's litter box? 8. What are the major symptoms of an animal with rabies? 9. Why is early diagnosis and treatment important in cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever? 10. What determines whether someone should be given immune gamma globulin injections for rabies? 11. What are some safety guidelines to follow when working with small animals? SUGGeSteD aCtIVItIeS 1. Visit the school or community library and do some further research concerning Lyme disease. 2. Research the occurrence of Lyme disease in your state. Make a graph that shows the number of cases over the past ten years. Analyze the trends of this disease in your state. 3. How can Lyme disease be prevented? 4. Can the disease be eliminated? What are some difficulties in dealing with Lyme disease? 5. Check with local health officials and determine the incidence of animal bites in your area. What are the major types of bacterial infections associated with animal bites? 6. Research the tapeworm species covered in this chapter and the diseases caused by them. How can they be prevented or eliminated? 7. With a stuffed animal, demonstrate the proper procedure for muzzling an animal with a gauze muzzle, sternal recumbency of a dog, lateral recumbency of a dog, and picking up a rabbit. 8. Bring in labels from pesticide containers. What is the proper mixture of the material? What safety practices are listed on the label? How should the container be disposed of? 9. Research on the Internet and find the SDS sheet for one of the pesticide containers. How do the label and the SDS sheet differ? 10. Look around your classroom and find five substances that have SDS sheets. Where are the SDS sheets located in your school?