Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 48

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Section I
soreness, inflammation, corneal ulceration, or perforation. Surgical correction is required, and animals with this condition should not be bred, because
the condition is believed to be hereditary.
Another example of a fad breed is the Dalmatian. The popularity of
Dalmatians increased rapidly after Walt Disney released the animated 101
Dalmatians in 1984 and reached a peak in 1993 after the re-release of the
animated film in 1991. The number of registrations in the AKC (American
Kennel Club) for Dalmatians rose from a ranking of 35th in 1984 to 9th in
1993. Since 1993, the number of registrations has declined to a low ranking
of 77th in 2007. Their ranking has rebounded to a ranking of 65th in 2012.7
Unfortunately, many of the animals purchased during the peak popularity
of their breed found their way to animal shelters, were abandoned, or were
euthanized once they grew up and did not fit in with their owners' lifestyles.
Another recent fashion trend is to have a Chihuahua or other
miniature-breed dog peeking out of a designer handbag. Celebrities have
been seen toting the small animals at upscale events. The popularity of
Chihuahuas increased after the 2008 release of the Walt Disney movie
Beverly Hills Chihuahua. The Taco Bell commercial featuring a Chihuahua
also increased the popularity of the small breed.
Some of these small breed dogs have lost some of their popularity in recent years. According to the number of AKC registrations, Dachshunds have
declined from 5th in 2002 to 10th in 2012. Registrations for Chihuahuas has
dropped from 9th in 2002 to 18th in 2012, Pomeranians from 12th to 19th,
Pugs from 14th to 30th, and Miniature Pinschers from 19th to 47th.8
Many organizations exist around the country to help rescue Shar-Pei,
Dalmatians, Chihuahuas, and other breeds from animal shelters and to help
find homes for unwanted animals.
Before obtaining an animal, you should take time and give serious
thought to the decision to obtain a certain breed of dog, checking out the
different breeds, become familiar with their characteristics and needs, and
ask the questions posed in this unit.

Why Am I Getting This Animal?
The consideration of why you are getting an animal is especially important
with dogs. You may want a dog to assist you in a specific sport or hobby, such
as hunting or tracking competitions. Or you may want the dog to do a certain
job, such as herding or guarding livestock. The AKC groups breeds according
to their traditional use. For example, there is the working group and the sporting group. Choosing a dog of an appropriate breed is likely to make training
easier. While it is probably not impossible to teach a short, heavy-bodied
Bassett Hound to herd cattle, for example, you are more likely to be successful
with an Australian Cattle Dog. Just picking the right breed, however, is only
the first step, because there is much variation within each breed. It is also important to examine the puppy's pedigree. The pedigree is the family history of
the pup and will list any titles earned by its ancestors. Titles earned by a pup's
ancestors for competition in field trials for tracking or herding, for example,
would be more relevant than titles in conformation (how closely a dog resembles the written breed standard for appearance and attitude) when predicting



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
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Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxii
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