Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 55

Chapter 3

pets and people with Disabilities
Trained service dogs can be highly beneficial and potentially cost-effective
components of independent living for people with physical disabilities.
The Department of Justice has issued revised ADA (Americans with
Disabilities Act) regulations effective March 15, 2011, which "define a service
animal as any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks
for the benefit of an individual with disability, including a physical, sensory,
psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. Other species of animals,
whether wild or domestic, trained of untrained, are not considered to be
service animals. The work or tasks performed by a service animal must be
directly related to the individual's disability. Examples of work tasks include,
but are not limited to, assisting individuals who are blind or have low vision
with navigation and other tasks, alerting individuals who are deaf or hard
of hearing to the presence of people or sounds, providing non-violent protection or rescue work, pulling a wheelchair, assisting an individual during
a seizure, alerting individuals to the presence of allergens, retrieving items
such as medicine or telephone, providing physical support and assistance
with balance and stability to individuals with mobility disabilities, and helping individuals with psychiatric and neurological disabilities by preventing
or interrupting impulsive or destructive behaviors. The crime-deterrent
effects of an animal's presence and the provision of emotional support,
well-being, comfort, or companionship do not constitute work or tasks and
as such do not meet the definition of a service animal."20
Therapy dogs are not 'service' or 'assistance' dogs.21
People with disabilities can BY LAW take their service dogs with
them wherever they go, including planes, restaurants, sport events,
etc. Many people are under the mistaken impression that therapy dogs
and their handlers have the same rights of access as people with disabilities and their service animals.22
Therapy dogs are invited into hospitals, nursing homes, or schools
to work with patients or students on very specific tasks, or simply to
bring their unconditional love to many people who need them in these
facilities.23
A service dog directly assists its handicapped owner, and therefore
any restriction on the dog is elevated to discrimination against its owner.
On the other hand, a therapy dog is handled by its non-disabled owner to
assist others at specific times, such as visits to hospitals or nursing homes.24

Dogs and Law enforcement
The working police canine has become an integral part of law enforcement.
For centuries now, dogs have had a well-established place in law enforcement. Working as loyal members of teams with their human partners, they
have proved to be invaluable in such areas as explosive detection, narcotics
detection, and searching for criminals as well as lost or missing persons. In
many ways, dogs contribute more to achievement of law enforcement objectives than sophisticated law enforcement technology. See Figure 3-8.
Despite the long and distinguished history of canines in law
enforcement, their capabilities and applications are still emerging. One

Small Animals as Pets

55



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
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