Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 57

Chapter 3

Six to twelve seconds after injection, the animal will lapse into a deep unconsciousness. Death will come quickly and painlessly.

animaL overpopULation
Each year, approximately 27 million dogs and cats are born in the United
States. Eight million stray and unwanted animals are taken into shelters
across the country, and about 3.7 million are euthanized each year as unwanted or abandoned. This overpopulation is a result of unplanned matings,
matings for commercial purposes, and parents who want their children to
experience "the miracle of childbirth."
Only 15.8 percent of dogs and 2 percent of cats that enter animal shelters are reunited with their owners.26
The American Humane Association believes the percentage of animals reunited with their owners would greatly increase if more pets were
properly identified. Owners should 1) be sure your pet wears an identification tag, rabies license, and city license with your name, address, phone
number and pet's name. 2) Keep licenses current, as they help shelters
locate pet owners. 3) When moving, put a temporary tag on your pet.
Include a phone number of someone who will know how to reach you.
4) Don't assume that your indoor pet doesn't need tags. Many strays in
shelters are indoor pets that escaped. 5) Purchase special cat collars with
elastic bands to protect your cat from being caught in trees or on fences.
6) In addition to ID tags, consider getting your pet microchipped.27
An ordinary cat collar can pose a choking danger should they get hung
up on a tree branch or on a fence. New collars feature "breakaway" buckles,
an elastic stretching portion, or the entire collar is made of elastic material.
Identification tags can pose a choking threat if they have a hanging tag ring
or hook. A safe tag is one attached to or clipped to the collar. Animals with
microchips can now be tracked if the owner has the right app on a smart
phone, tablet, computer, or other mobile device.
To solve the overpopulation and unwanted animal problem, we must
reduce the number of puppies and kittens born. To accomplish this, three
events must occur:
1. People must be educated about the problem.
2. Animal control laws must be passed and existing laws enforced.
3. People must recognize the importance of spaying and neutering.
Many unwanted animals end up in animal shelters, where those that
can't be placed in another home are euthanized; the shelters have taken the
responsibility to eliminate the problem of unwanted animals. Adults and
children need to be educated and take responsibility for controlling the
breeding of their dogs and cats.
Licensing of animals, leash laws, and other animal control laws need to
be enforced. Other laws and ordinances controlling the breeding of animals
may also need to be passed.
Feral dogs and cats are usually the offspring of lost or abandoned pets.
Their high rate of reproduction can rapidly lead to overpopulation problems.

Small Animals as Pets

57



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
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