Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 58

58

Section I
Female cats become sexually mature as early as five months of age and can
produce two or three litters a year. Litter size may vary from three to five,
depending on the size, age, and nutrition of the mother. The survival rate
for feral kittens is a little less than three per litter. The overpopulation of
feral dogs can increase more rapidly than cats, because of their larger litter
sizes. Unchecked feral populations can quickly put a strain on community
resources.

Spaying and neutering
Spaying and neutering are surgical procedures that prevent animals from
reproducing. Spaying, during which the ovaries and uterus are removed, is
performed on females. This prevents the female from coming in heat and
from becoming pregnant. Neutering, during which the testicles are removed,
is performed on males. This prevents the male from producing sperm and
impregnating a female.
Spaying is generally recommended before the female's first estrus cycle.
Many veterinarians now perform the spaying and neutering surgery on animals as young as eight weeks of age. Your veterinarian can recommend the
best time for your pet to be spayed or neutered.
During the surgical procedure, the animals are fully anesthetized, so
they feel no pain. Post-surgical pain is usually minimal and can be treated
with medication from the veterinarian.
Spaying eliminates potential problems and risks associated with pregnancy and birth. Females are also less susceptible to mammary cancers and
uterine infections.
Neutering eliminates testicular tumors and reduces the risk for prostate
disorders. Neutering males removes their motivation to roam the community in search of mates, so neutered males are less apt to be hit by cars or
injured in fights. Neutering can reduce "mounting" behavior that can be
embarrassing or annoying, and urine marking behavior. These two effects
are most pronounced if the surgery is done when the dog is young and these
behaviors have not become well established.

SUmmarY
Since World War II, we have experienced a pet explosion in the United States.
Pets provide companionship in today's fast-paced society. Unfortunately,
many of these pets get abandoned each year. Millions of unwanted animals
pass through animal shelters each year, a result of uncontrolled breeding
and abandonment. A major reason owners relinquish their pets to a shelter
is that they are unable to meet the pet's behavioral needs.
Pets can have an important influence on their owners, both young and
old. Children can learn important lessons that can help them in later years,
and pets can have therapeutic benefits for the elderly.
Pets have also been of great value to people with disabilities. The deaf,
blind, and those confined to wheelchairs or bed can receive practical and
psychological benefits.
People must be educated about the fact that they are responsible for their
pets and for the controlled breeding of their pets.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xviii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xx
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 3
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 4
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 5
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 6
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 7
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 8
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 9
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 10
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 11
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 12
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 13
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 14
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 15
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 16
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 17
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 18
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 19
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 20
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 21
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 22
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 23
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 24
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 25
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 26
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 27
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 28
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 29
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 30
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 31
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 32
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 33
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 34
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 35
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 36
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 37
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 38
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 39
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 40
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 41
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 42
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 43
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 44
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 45
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 46
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 47
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 48
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 49
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 50
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 51
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 52
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 53
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 54
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 55
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 56
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 57
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 58
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 59
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 60
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - 61
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/autoservice5e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/bodystructures13e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/refrigerationactech8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/medterminology8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/naturalresources6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/heavydutytruck6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/sportsmedicine2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriculturalmechanics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introductoryhorticulture
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/basicrobotics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/weldingprinciplesandapplications
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/delmars_electricity
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/modernlivestock_poultryproduction2016
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introtoveterinaryscience_2016thirdedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/wildlifeandnaturalresourcemanagement_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/smallanimalcare_management_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/century21_10e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriscience6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_first
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/automotivetech6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/dreamweaver_revealed
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_intro
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com