Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xx

Small animal Care
& management, 4e

Chapter 8

Cats
objeCtives

Classification

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species

discuss the history of the cat.
list the major groups and breeds of cats.
discuss the proper methods of feeding cats.
discuss the general grooming and health care of cats.

-
-
-
-
-
-
-

FeatureS oF thiS edition

Animalia
Chordata
Mammalia
Carnivora
Felidae
Felis
F. catus

●

discuss the various diseases of cats.

terMs to KNoW
agouti

Jacobson's organ

quick

brachycephalic

jaundice

secondary viremia

cochlea

lethargy

sport

colorpoint

mutation

tapetum lucidum

coronavirus

nictitating
membrane

throwbacks

ELISA (enzymelinked
immunosorbent
assay)
IFA (indirect
immunofluorscent
antibody assay)

ticked or ticking

occlusion
olfactory mucosa
papillae

●

points
primary viremia

Chapte

r 14

365

s

Guinea Pig

233

of
en species
re are sev
,
a cavy; the cellus is not known
tely called
y C. por
re accura
fulgida.
cated cav
pig is mo
udii, or C.
,
the domesti
The guinea
rea, C. tsch
Abyssinian
history of
ape
ct
the
C.
:
exa
pig
from
cavies. The
of guinea
be derived
to
es
d
.
ieti
ieve
var
sted
mon
stic
ite-Cre
but it is bel
seven com ie, Teddy, and Wh
e has a pla
typical cag bars for the
There are
in, Silk
e
shops. The
wir
uvian, Sat
l
pet
Per
tica
st
a,
at mo
Americ
and has ver
available
hes deep
Cages are
are ver y
or four inc
t is three
isor teeth
that
bottom tha
e front inc
available
Their larg
t.
bivores.
lets are also are hard and
upper par
s are her
a pig pel
lets
pig
ine
a
pel
Gu
ine
se
d.
Gu
the
foo
mals,
other ani
d to bite
mal needs;
ny
use
ani
ma
and
the
ike
h it
ts
sharp
rien
plied wit
a pigs, unl
of the nut
st be sup
n. Guine
contain all
y and mu
teeth dow
their bod
wear the
min C in
ser ve to
shoulders
the front
thesize vita
syn
und
aro
not
ly
can
l prevent
t.
, grasp it firm er hand; this wil
in their die king up a guinea pig
allowed to
the oth
rear with
re itself if
When pic
support its
pig can inju
hand and
. A guinea
ing
ggl
with one
stru
l cared for.
pig from
ecially if wel
fts,
the guinea
animals, esp temperature, dra
very healthy
nges in
struggle.
major cha
s are usually
inate any
late
Guinea pig
elim
to
births in
be taken
h
increased
h
wit
wit
r,
Care must
r,
yea
in a
the yea
idity.
oughout
not
five litters
and hum
of six are
s breed thr s produce up to
h litters
ale
Guinea pig
oug
Fem
alth
r.
r,
fou
summe
rs.
ng two to
hou
bei
spring and
24
size
for
lasts
e litter
days and
the averag
68 days.
es about 16
average of
n.
and
ales averag
s, with an
uncommo
cycle in fem from 56 to 74 day
ning around for
The heat
ges
se
will be run
ran
nur
and
iod
lly
h
on per
norma
at birt
The gestati
developed
The young
are fully
24 hours.
The young
d within
solid foo
consuming
s.
three week

Y
SUMMAR

Fast Facts

●

Pigs
for Guinea
40°C)
°F (39 to
re

atu
y Temper
Normal Bod
e
Heart Rat
Rate
Respiration

102 to 104
per minute
250 beats
minute
breaths per
40 to 150

●

rs

5 to 6 yea

n
Life Spa

1 to 2 pou

Weight

7 months

1st Estrus
le
Estrus Cyc
Period
Gestation

16 days

nds
of age
s (average

day
56 to 74
2 to 6 (2

68 days)

e common
to 4 mor

)

e

Litter Siz

366

Section II

REVIEW

QuEstI

on

s
1. Where
were guinea
pigs origina
2. Where
lly found?
does the
name gui
3. What
nea pig com
is the mo
e from?
re correct
4. What
name for
are the sev
the guinea
en
pig?
var
tics of eac
ieties of gui
h type?
nea pig? Wh
at are the
5. How sho
characteri
uld a guinea
spig be pic
6. What
ked up?
is the imp
ortance of
7. What
vitamin C
are the com
in the gui
mon foodst
nea pig die
8. What
uffs for gui
t?
are the com
nea pigs?
mon diseas
the causes
es and
, symptoms
, treatments ailments of guinea
pigs? Wh
, and con
at are
trol metho
ds?

suGGEs

tED AC

tI

VItIEs
1. With the
approval
of the ins
eties to clas
tructor, brin
s and talk
g guinea
about the
members
pigs of var
cha
can observ
ious varie the guinea racteristics of the
2. With the
varieties.
pigs.
approval
Class
of the ins
classroom
tructor, inv
to talk abo
ite a local
ut
the
3. Calcul
veterinaria
diseases and
ate the app
n into the
ailm
ent
rox
s of guinea
imate cag
pig and fou
e space nee
pigs.
r adult fem
ded
ales. Figure
cage needed
for an adu
lt male gui
the approx
to provid
nea
e the recom
ima
4. Calcul
mended spa te dimensions of
ate the
a
ce.
adult male approximate space
of an outdoo
guinea pig
and 10 fem
that would
r
ales. Figure run needed for one
provide the
guinea pig
the
approxima
s.
te space nee dimensions of a run
ded for the
colony of
ADDItIon

Al REso
uR

Guinea Pig
Care:
www.aspc
a.org

CEs

Guinea Pig
s: Dr. Sue
's Pocket
www.virtu
Pets:
al-markets.
net/vme/D
Diseases
rSue/guin
of Guinea
ea.html
Pigs:
http://netv
et.wustl.ed
u/species/
Mancini,
guinea/gp
Julie R. 200
igs.txt
6. Guinea
TFH Plaza,
Pigs.
Third and
Union Ave T.F.H. Publication
Pavia, Au
s, Inc., On
nues, Nep
dry. 2005.
e
tune City,
Guinea Pig
Wiley Pub
NJ 07753.
, 2nd
lishing, Inc
., Hoboken, Edition. Howell Boo
NJ.
k House,

xx

LEARNING FEATURES such as the Objectives and Terms to
Know set the stage for the chapter and help learners identify key
concepts and information. In addition, Classification identifies
scientific information about each small animal, as applicable.
LOGICALLY ORGANIZED, each chapter focusing on a specific
small animal is presented in such a manner as to offer consistency
and provide a roadmap for the learner. First, a history of the animal is
introduced, followed by a description of the various, breeds, groups,
or families. Then, a look at the anatomy and characteristics completes
the background information by discussing the genetic make-up and
particular behaviors of that animal. Finally, these chapters focus of
the care of the animal: housing and equipment, feeding, handling,
medical concerns, and reproduction. Each chapter ends with Fast
Facts, which provide a summary of statistics for that animal.
HIGHLY ILLUSTRATIVE, this edition continues to feature vibrant
full-color photos and illustrations throughout each chapter to help
learners identify different types of species within each small animal
classification.
ACTIVE LEARNING is also emphasized within the chapters. Each
contains a set of Review Questions, Suggested Activities, and
Additional Resources to offer opportunities for the learner to review
the key concepts and information from the chapter and spark interest
in learning further about the subject areas.


http://www.aspca.org http://www.virtual-markets.net/vme/DrSue/guinea.html http://netvet.wustl.edu/species/guinea/gpigs.txt

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition

Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover1
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Cover2
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - iv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - Contents
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - vii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - viii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - ix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - x
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xiv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xv
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xvii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xviii
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xix
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xx
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxi
Small Animal Care & Management - Fourth Edition - xxii
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