Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 3

CHAPTER 1

|

Careers in Sports Medicine and Athletic Training

3

then diagnosis, followed by rehabilitation and, finally,
prevention, or stopping it from occurring again, if possible. Upon successful rehabilitation, the individual
returns to the activity or field of play with normal to
near-normal abilities, completing the circle of care (see
Figure 1-1).
Those who work in sports medicine must draw
from a vast array of disciplines, including anatomy,
physiology, kinesiology, strength training, psychology, and nutrition, just to name a few, to help
their athletes or patients attain, regain, and maintain physical fitness during the period of injury. For
example, if a patient sprains an ankle, putting that
person on crutches is only the first step in treating
the assessed injury. Other considerations include
methods of controlling or eliminating pain and 1-1 | Sports medicine involves a circle of care that begins
rehabilitating the ankle to the strength needed to on the field of play, advances to treatment, progresses to
return to athletics while decreasing further chance rehabilitation, and returns to the field of play.
of re-injury. During this period of injury, sports
medicine professionals must ensure that the total body conditioning level of the
therapeutic modality
athlete does not drop off, knowing that the athlete will return to play when the
The use of heat,
injured area has resolved. If the patient is or becomes overweight or underweight
cold, or electrical
while recovering from an injury, or has a decrease in strength or muscle balance,
stimulation to
these factors must be addressed; in fact, these factors may even have contributed
produce an increase
to the injury. Restorative treatment of the injury would revolve around the use of
or decrease in
various therapeutic modalities and exercise. Therapeutic modalities can affect
blood flow.
the healing process with such things as the use of heat (thermotherapy), cold
(cryotherapy), and/or electrical stimulation currents. It is easy to see how the
physical therapy
restoration of function and the prevention of additional injury depend upon a
assistant
thorough understanding of the human body-in order to correct a dysfunction,
An individual who
one must first understand how the body functions normally in the sport or activhas earned a 2-year
ity being participated in.
associate's degree

CAREER OPPORTuNITIES
There are many career opportunities in sports medicine, many of which are clinical in nature. Physicians, physician assistants, nurses, physical therapists, physical
therapy assistants, athletic trainers, chiropractors, and physical therapy aides,
to name a few, may all find employment in hospitals, sports clinics, and physician
offices, or be self-employed or employed in other clinical environments. However,
much of sports medicine takes place in the nonclinical environments in which sports
are played and fitness is pursued.
The purpose of this text is to provide you with the information necessary to
become an athletic trainer or strength and conditioning specialist (SCS). What does
it take to help someone who works at a desk 10 hours a day become physically fit?
What does it take to get an athlete into top condition? Do athletes have to follow
different rules for fitness than everyone else? Who is qualified to set the guidelines
for physical fitness? What type of training is required before one is qualified to work
in these areas of sports medicine? These are just a few of the questions that will be
answered in this text.

and is involved in
clinical tasks, such
as patient care
and recording
treatments,
under the direct
supervision of a
physical therapist.
physical therapy
aide
An individual who
is not licensed but
is able to perform
clerical tasks under
the direct supervision
of a physical
therapist or physical
therapy assistant.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e

Contents
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover1
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover2
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - A
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - B
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - i
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - ii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - iii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - iv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Contents
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - vi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - vii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - viii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - ix
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - x
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xiii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xiv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xv
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Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xvii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xviii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xix
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Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 1
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 2
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