Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 53

CHAPTER 3

|

Medical Conditions

needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter the cells to produce energy. Type 1 diabetes
has no cure, although it can be managed. Only about 5% of patients have this type;
most individuals with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms: Athletes with diabetes should eat before exercising and if they participate for a long period of time they should have glucose available hourly. Untreated
or improperly managed diabetes mellitus can lead to kidney failure, blindness, nerve
damage, amputation, heart attack, and stroke. Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes. Following are
the typical symptoms, although individuals with type 2 diabetes can have symptoms
so mild they go unnoticed.
Symptoms include:
■	

Urinating often

■	

Feeling very thirsty

■	

Itchy dry skin

■	

Feeling very hungry

■	

Extreme fatigue

■	

Blurry vision

■	

Weight loss-even though you are eating more (type 1)

■	

Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)

■	

Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal

■	

More infections than usual

With the onset of these symptoms loss of consciousness may occur rapidly, followed
by a coma. A diabetic coma is a life-threatening condition that can sometimes
cause death in a few hours, so early detection is essential. If the athlete has any of the
signs or symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, activate the emergency medical services
(EMS) system. Although diabetes mellitus can create some very serious health problems for athletes who have been diagnosed with this condition, diabetics can usually
lead very normal lives with proper treatment.
Immediate Treatment: Treatment for diabetes requires a doctor's care. In most
cases, the athlete will have been advised by a physician as to what to do if symptoms
resulting from diabetes start to occur. Often the symptoms can be controlled through
diet, but sometimes an injection of insulin is needed to prevent a coma. If an athlete
goes into a diabetic coma, treat the athlete for shock, contact EMS, and monitor vital
signs. If the athlete is under the care of a physician for diabetes, follow the physician's
instructions in the event any of the previously listed symptoms occur. These instructions should be recorded as part of the athlete's health history in the files. Be aware of
how to proceed with treatment before the situation arises.
If an athlete has not been diagnosed with diabetes but begins to display any of the
previously listed symptoms (either of diabetes in general or diabetic ketoacidosis),
instruct the athlete to consume a small amount of sugar and to consult a physician
for diagnosis and treatment. If symptoms do not resolve within 10 minutes of consuming sugar, or if the symptoms become worse, contact EMS. Note: Although diabetic ketoacidosis is characterized by high blood sugar, it is still often recommended
to provide a small amount of sugar to the athlete in the event diabetic symptoms
occur. This is because only a physician can diagnose high blood sugar versus low

diabetic coma
Coma induced by
a lack of insulin in
the body, resulting
from diabetic
ketoacidosis.

53



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e

Contents
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover1
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover2
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - A
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - B
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - i
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - ii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - iii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - iv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Contents
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - vi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - vii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - viii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - ix
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - x
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xiii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xiv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xvi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xvii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xviii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xix
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xx
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 1
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 2
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 3
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 4
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 5
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 6
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 7
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 8
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 9
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 10
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 11
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 12
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 13
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 14
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 15
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 16
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 17
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 18
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 19
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 20
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 21
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 22
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 23
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 24
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 25
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 26
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 27
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 28
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 29
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 30
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 31
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 32
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 33
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 34
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 35
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 36
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 37
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 38
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 39
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 40
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 41
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 42
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 43
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 44
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 45
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 46
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 47
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 48
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 49
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 50
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 51
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 52
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 53
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 54
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 55
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 56
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 57
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 58
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 59
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 60
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 61
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/autoservice5e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/bodystructures13e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/refrigerationactech8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/medterminology8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/naturalresources6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/heavydutytruck6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/sportsmedicine2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriculturalmechanics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introductoryhorticulture
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/basicrobotics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/weldingprinciplesandapplications
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/delmars_electricity
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/modernlivestock_poultryproduction2016
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introtoveterinaryscience_2016thirdedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/wildlifeandnaturalresourcemanagement_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/smallanimalcare_management_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/century21_10e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriscience6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_first
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/automotivetech6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/dreamweaver_revealed
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_intro
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com