Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 55

CHAPTER 3

|

Medical Conditions

55

unusually sensitive to airborne irritants and allergens. Irritation of the delicate tissues causes the interior lining of the lungs to swell and secrete a thick
mucus. The swelling and mucus secretion combine
to reduce the size of the air passages and restrict the
flow of oxygen to the bloodstream. Causes can include respiratory infection, exercise, emotional excitement or stress, exposure to cold and dry weather,
breathing polluted air, exposure to tobacco or wood
smoke, and breathing in allergy-causing substances
such as molds, dust, or animal dander.
Symptoms: An asthma attack may include difficulty in breathing, wheezing, shortness of breath,
tightness of the chest, and coughing; these symp3-2 | Athletes with asthma must keep their inhalers
tom may cause the patient to hyperventilate and beavailable at all times.
come dizzy. Often these symptoms are caused by an
increase in activity, but such attacks may also result
from an allergic reaction to a plant, an animal, a food, or smoggy conditions. Depending on their severity, asthma attacks are potentially life-threatening. Often the disease
can be managed with the use of an inhaler (Figure 3-2) that has been prescribed by
a physician, although inhalers do not always work. The devices may be depleted of
medication, the medication may have expired, or the attack may be so severe that the
medication is not strong enough to treat the problem.
Immediate Treatment: If the athlete has the medication prescribed by his or her
physician, let the athlete use it. Have the athlete sit down with the arms elevated.
This position will make it easier for the athlete to breathe. Try to relax the patient
and have him or her breathe through the nose, as this will warm and humidify
the inhaled air. Contact EMS. Encourage the athlete to use the inhaler. The athlete should also attempt to drink water, perform controlled breathing, and relax. If
there is something in the area that may have caused the attack, remove the athlete
or remove the item. Remind your athletes that they are responsible for having their
inhalers at all times.
Follow-up Treatment: Make sure the physician's orders are followed.
Prevention: To prevent asthma attacks, athletes and others who have been diagnosed as asthmatics are encouraged to use a physician-prescribed inhaler. These
inhalers should be kept readily available at all times. However, athletes must also
be aware of any legal restrictions on the use of inhalers during competition. Decisions
about the best way to manage the athlete's condition during competition should be
made by the athlete, the physician, and the athlete's parents or guardian in the case
of minors.

Exercise-Induced Asthma (EIA)
An exercise-induced asthma attack can be caused by exercise and triggered in
dry, cold air. Other factors that might trigger an attack are smog, smoke, high pollen
counts, poor physical condition, intensity of exercise, respiratory infection such as a
cold, and chemicals such as chlorine from a swimming pool.

exercise-induced
asthma
Asthma attack
caused by exercise
and triggered by dry
and cold air, smog,
smoke, high pollen
levels, poor physical
condition, or a highintensity workout.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e

Contents
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover1
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover2
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - A
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - B
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - i
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - ii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - iii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - iv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Contents
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - vi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - vii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - viii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - ix
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - x
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xiii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xiv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xvi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xvii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xviii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xix
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xx
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 1
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 2
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 3
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 4
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 5
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 6
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 7
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 8
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 9
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 10
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 11
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 12
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 13
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 14
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 15
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 16
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 17
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 18
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 19
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 20
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 21
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 22
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 23
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 24
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 25
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 26
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 27
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 28
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 29
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 30
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 31
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 32
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 33
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 34
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 35
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 36
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 37
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 38
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 39
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 40
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 41
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 42
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 43
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 44
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 45
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 46
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 47
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 48
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 49
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 50
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 51
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 52
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 53
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 54
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 55
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 56
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 57
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 58
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 59
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 60
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 61
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/autoservice5e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/bodystructures13e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/refrigerationactech8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/medterminology8e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/naturalresources6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/heavydutytruck6e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/sportsmedicine2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriculturalmechanics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introductoryhorticulture
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/basicrobotics
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/weldingprinciplesandapplications
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/delmars_electricity
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/modernlivestock_poultryproduction2016
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/introtoveterinaryscience_2016thirdedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/wildlifeandnaturalresourcemanagement_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/smallanimalcare_management_2016fourthedition
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate_illustrated
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intermediate
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/msoffice365_2016intro
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/century21_10e
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/agriscience6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_first
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/automotivetech6
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/dreamweaver_revealed
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ngsp/microsoftoffice2013_intro
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com