Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xviii

how to use this Book

9

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Review this series of goals before you begin reading a
chapter to help you focus your study. When you have
completed the chapter, review these goals to see if you
understand the key points.

injuries to the tissues

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
After completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
1. Define and correctly spell each of the key terms.
2. Name and explain the function of at least four cellular
components.
3. Name and describe the four different types of tissue groups.
4. List the main components of a body system.
5. Describe several types of joints in the body and their categories.
6. Identify and discuss soft tissue injuries.
7. Discuss the different symptoms of sprains, strains, dislocations,
and fractures.

154

CHaPTer 9

|

Injuries to the Tissues

KEY TERMS

153

u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u

KEY TERMS

u
u
u
u
u

abrasion
anaphylactic shock
anatomy
articulation
avulsion
blister
bursitis
callus
cardiac muscle
cell
contusion
crepitus
dislocation

u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u

ecchymosis
fracture
hematoma
incision
joint laxity
laceration
ligament
myositis ossificans
organ
paresthesia
physiology
PRICE procedure
puncture wound

u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u
u

skeletal or striated muscle
smooth or visceral muscle
splint
sprain
strain
subluxation
synovitis
systemic reaction
tendon
tendonitis
tissue

INJURIES ARE INEVITABLE

These are the critical vocabulary words you will need to
learn for each chapter. These terms are highlighted within
the text, and definitions are included in the margins. You
will also find these terms listed in the Glossary section at
the back of the book. Use this listing as part of your study.

A wide variety of injuries can occur during sports and physical activities. Some of the
more common injuries involve the tissues. These injuries include cuts and abrasions,
contusions, muscle strains, ligament sprains, inflammation of the tendons, joint dislocations, fractures, and injuries to specific organs. Furthermore, because sports and
exercise often involve repetitive body motions, athletes are also especially prone to
overuse injuries of the limbs and joints. Athletic trainers and other medical providers
must be able to recognize different types of injuries, distinguish between levels of
injury severity, and apply appropriate first aid and ongoing treatment to an injured
person. When providing treatment, make sure to address the cause of the symptoms;
do not just treat the symptoms. If symptoms do not improve after continued treatment, discuss other possible causes of such symptoms with the athlete and the coach,
and explore methods of eliminating these potential causes.

NOTE:
anatomy
The study of the
structure of the body
(how the body is put
together).

Initial findings regarding any injury should always be relayed to
emergency medical services (EMS) providers or the physician who will
handle the case. Information that is obtained at the scene of the injury
is very valuable!

physiology
The study of the
function of the body
(how the body
works).
CHAPTER 4

|

Emergency Preparedness and Assessment

To work in sports medicine, one must have a basic understanding of the structure of the human body, namely, how the various structures make it possible for
us to move and function in so many different ways. Therefore, in this chapter
and those that follow, information regarding basic anatomy and physiology is

71

NOTE:
If the removal of the face mask cannot be done easily within 30 seconds,
the face mask and side attachments should be changed to other types
so this can be done properly.

PROCEDURES

Procedure 4-1
Face Mask Removal Using
the Trainer's Angel
Materials Needed:
▼
▼
▼

trainer's Angel or the face mask removal device that is best suitable for the helmet
electric screwdriver
FM extractor (choose tool based on type of helmet)

1. procedural step: The athlete should be

lying on the back. If necessary, gently log
roll the athlete to achieve this position.
Stabilize the head and neck.
Reason: To avoid further injury to the athlete.
2. procedural step: Use the Trainer's Angel or

B. Position the blade on one side of the clip
and the notched end on the other side. This
will involve a longer sideways cut through
the clip.
Reason: Either position will be suitable for
cutting the clip.

chosen tool to cut the first clip in one of the
following two ways:
A. Position the blade on top of the clip
and the notched end below the clip. This
will involve a short downward cut through
the clip.

3. procedural step: Complete the cut by

pressing the handles of the Trainer's Angel
together.
Reason: The clips must be cut to remove the
face mask.
(continues)

xviii

Review these step-by-step illustrated procedures by first reading the procedural step and then the rationale for performing
the step. Use the illustrations to visualize the written procedure
notes. This will give you the how and why of each step and
deepen your understanding of the procedure described.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e

Contents
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover1
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover2
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - A
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - B
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - i
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - ii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - iii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - iv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Contents
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - vi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - vii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - viii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - ix
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - x
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xiii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xiv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xv
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xvi
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xvii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xviii
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xix
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - xx
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 1
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 2
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 3
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 4
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 5
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 6
Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 7
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Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - 9
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Sports Medicine Essentials, 3e - Cover4
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