K+BB - November 2008 - (Page 44)

Airing Out It’s a green jungle out there when it comes to IAQ Not everything green is healthy. Green typically connotes energy efficiency, recycled content or having a low impact on the environment. Yet surveys show that people interested in buying “green homes” cite health as the key motivator. One of the primary ways their health can be affected is by breathing the air. Chemicals referred to as VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) are emitted into the air from products used to build or furnish a home. There are only a few green labels that focus on health and indoor air quality, such as Greenguard, Green Label Plus by the Carpet & Rug Institute and Indoor Advantage and Floor Score, both by Scientific Certification Systems. They offer an accessible way to identify products that might impact a home’s indoor air quality and can be helpful to homeowners certification is based in part on the assumed ventilation rate, the amount of material installed and the size of the building. The translation to homes may not be entirely fitting. With homes becoming more airtight, the need for adequate ventilation is critical, but not always heeded. PAINT & CABINETS An example of a product that could have toxic ingredients but passes the California Section 01350 test is paint. In fact, one such product has met the California standard and has been shown to do well with environmentally sensitive consumers, yet contains acetone, styrene and methyl ethyl ketone, all of which are very toxic ingredients. When the air quality in their homes was tested, the results were good and none of the chemicals It’s important to notice, however, what the labels do not say—that the product does not off-gas chemicals at all. who are chemically sensitive. However, as their implications are far from clear-cut, designers can benefit from conducting a little research of their own. were detected. Green labels like Green Seal, however, would not certify this paint brand based on these ingredients, despite test results, while others such as those listed above would certify the product based solely on air quality, which is their focus. To note, the Environmental Protection Agency’s definition of low-VOC paint as 250 grams per liter is based on a standard to reduce smog and not one to protect health. There has been much discussion on the presence of formaldehyde in kitchen cabinets, many of which still contain the carcinogenic chemical typically found in the glue. Some brands claim performance to the ANSI A208 standard for low formaldehyde, which allows up to 0.3-ppm (partsper-million) formaldehyde. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), however, has an exposure limit of 0.016 ppm, which is 20 times lower. Clearly, a “low formaldehyde” standard is insufficient, especially when a home is built airtight. Unfortunately, programs like Greenguard or Indoor Advantage do not certify kitchen cabinets because at present there are no residential testing standards. They are, however, being developed. In the meantime, look for plywood made with no formaldehyde. WHAT’S IN A LABEL Although they differ in how exposure levels are calculated, all of the labels meet a testing standard outlined in the State of California’s Special Environmental Requirements, Section 01350, which was developed as a result of a request for bidding on an office furniture contract. In general, certification is awarded to products that have demonstrated that they do not off-gas chemicals in concentrations that would significantly affect one’s health. It’s important to notice, however, what the labels do not say—that the product does not off-gas chemicals at all. In fact, although certification is based, in part, on meeting California’s criteria that chemicals with Chronic Reference Exposure Levels (CRELs) are not present in concentration levels that would pose a health risk for an indefinite period of exposure, these levels have not been identified for many chemicals. To compensate, Greenguard has looked to the guidelines set by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, and all of the green labels mentioned above have adopted the LEED threshold value for total VOCs. In addition, all of the abovementioned programs factor in an assumption that mechanical ventilation will be present (as it would be in a commercial or school building) where the product will be used. Therefore, DOING RESEARCH BEYOND GREEN LABELS Product certification by the green labeling programs can cost companies hundreds of thousands of dollars. Because of the expense involved, many manufacturers test their product per Section 01350 but do not pursue a green label. For a list of products that pass Section 01350 testing, visit www.chps.net/manual/lem_table.htm. However, 44 + K BB November July 2004 2008 / www.kbbonline.com / The Official Sponsor of K/BIS www.kbis.com http://www.chps.net/manual/lem_table.htm http://www.kbis.com http://www.kbbonline.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of K+BB - November 2008

K+BB - November 2008
Contents
Online Contents
Online News
Feedback
Products
Trends
Special Green Section
Editorial/Green Intro
California Greenin'
Buying Green
Serious About Green
Natural Selection
Q&A
Control Issues
Green on a Budget
Airing Out
Earthly Wonder
Under the Influence
Cover Story: Under the Influence: An Asian-Inspired Kitchen with Green Appeal
Green Products
Ad Index
Editorial Index
Favorites

K+BB - November 2008

http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20191112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20190708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20190506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20190203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20180910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20180708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20180506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20180203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20170708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20170506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20170203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20161112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20160708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20160506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20160203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20151112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20150708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20150506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20150203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20141112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/20140506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/kbb/201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20131112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20130506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20130102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20121112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20120506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20120102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20110506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20110102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201009
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_201003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20100102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20091112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_20090607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/kbb_200808
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com