IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 16B

PERSPECTIVE LOOKS BACK AT THE MAJOR EVENTS
AND INFLUENCES OF THE TWO DECADES SINCE IIDA WAS FOUNDED,
THROUGH THE LENS OF A SINGLE DESIGN ELEMENT: THE CHAIR.

* © THE COOPER-HEWITT NATIONAL DESIGN MUSEUM, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION

BY
PHOTO

Gesture Chair
Steelcase
Steelcase

BY
FOR
PHOTO

Clover
Ron Arad
Driade
Driade

BY
PHOTO

Node Chair
IDEO/Steelcase
Steelcase

BY
PHOTO

Solid C2*
Patrick Jouin
Cooper-Hewitt, National
Design Museum: IRR
By Matt Flynn

BY
FOR
PHOTO

Herman Miller Aeron chair
Chadwick/Stumpf
Herman Miller
Herman Miller

BY
FOR

Butterfly Chair
Jorge Ferrari-Hardoy
Knoll/Circa50

BY
FOR
PHOTO

Air-Chair
Jasper Morrison
Herman Miller
Herman Miller

PHOTO

Clarity Chair
Allsteel/
BMW Designworks
Allsteel

BY
FOR
PHOTO

Rival chair
Konstantin Grcic
Artek
Markus Jans

FOR

The Fog Chair
Frank Gehry
Knoll, Inc.

BY
FOR
PHOTO

Chair One
Konstantin Grcic
Herman Miller
Herman Miller

Louis Ghost chair
Philippe Starck
Kartell

BY
FOR

Cork Family
Jasper Morrison
Vitra

BY
FOR
PHOTO

360 Chair
Konstantin Grcic
Magis
Magis

BY
FOR
PHOTO

Setu Chair
Studio 7.5
Herman Miller
Herman Miller

BY
FOR
PHOTO

SAYL Chair
Yves Behar
Herman Miller
Herman Miller

BY

Living chair
MIT

BY
FOR
PHOTO

Knotted chair
Marcel Wanders
Droog
Robaard/Theuwkens

BY
FOR
PHOTO

Tom Vac
Ron Arad
Vitra
Hans Hansen

BY
FOR

The Life Chair
Formway Design
Knoll

BY
FOR

BY

by
BY
FOR

Maui Chair
Vico Magistretti
Kartell

Design has undergone radical changes in the last twenty years. Globalization,
giant leaps forward in technology, and unprecedented changes in the way
we work and communicate have revolutionized the creative environment.
As IIDA celebrates its twentieth anniversary, Perspective takes a look back
at the last two decades, examining both the milestone events in the history
of IIDA and the major social, cultural and technological advances happening
all over the world. These events are juxtaposed with major developments in
design, allowing us to consider the broader influence of world events on
design and the profession, and vice versa. At the same time, we're given a
sense of the forward progression of IIDA and its evolution into a truly global
organization. For clarity, we've chosen to look at a single design form in
the timeline: the chair.
Why the chair? It's an article of extreme simplicity and antiquity: it's been
an element central to our lives for thousands of years. Despite recent fads-
the treadmill desk, the giant inflatable balance ball and our increasingly
mobile world-the chair is not going anywhere. Instead, it's evolving along
with the changing needs of the zeitgeist. It's enabled multi-tasking and
mobility like never before. It's quickly adapted to principles of sustainability
and performance. Because of its scale, designers have been able to use the chair
as a testing ground for new technologies and production methods, leading the
way in innovations for the industry at a larger scale. The first 3D chair was
printed in 2004; today, the technology is being used for everything from
fashion design to biomedical innovations. And the chair is also notable for
its accessibility. It's familiar, it's affordable, and it's symbolic of the idea that
everyone can enjoy good design, regardless of where they live/work/play.
In 1994, the year IIDA was founded, Herman Miller released the Aeron chair,
launching a major new trend in ergonomics and creating an awareness
of design that permeated the workplace like never before. The chair quickly
became a status symbol-and is still used widely today.

Metamorphosis 20/20:
How Design has Changed
the World, How the World
has Changed Design
The chairs in the timeline reflect innovations of every kind. There are
designs that explore new materials like the Knotted Chair, which was
developed together with aviation experts, and the Air Chair that featured
a pioneering gas injection molding process. Just this year, scientists at MIT
announced that they are close to creating a "living" material, made out
of E-Coli bacteria-material that may one day be able to heal itself,
and which could be used to make furniture.
There are designs that are bridging gaps between users and functions,
like the Tom Vac, Clover, 360 and Rival chairs, which become increasingly
important as design becomes more ubiquitous and accessible to a mass
audience. There are instances of collaborations between designers who
have traditionally worked in one space with outsiders, like the partnerships
between Steelcase and IDEO, and BMW and Allsteel, indicative of the
broadening of our industry. There are examples that respond to market
needs by utilizing new production technologies, like the economically
driven SAYL chair, which pushes the industry further forward. And finally
there are designs like the Butterfly chair, that experience a resurgence after
being out of production for years, an indication of both the sense of nostalgia
that permeates today's culture and the enduring quality of good design.
The changes in the last twenty years have been sweeping, but they've also
represented a progression. Not just in methodologies and processes, but
in the importance and pervasiveness of design in our lives. The flattening
world has forged new connections between industries and pushed us to
expand our own knowledge communities. We can clearly identify the farreaching effects of economic, technological and cultural developments,
and trace how these advancements have influenced design and how design
has in turn spurred innovation across disciplines. As we look back over
the last two decades, the growth and development of the profession is
both astounding and humbling-a true metamorphosis. We look forward
to what the next twenty will bring.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014

Contents
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Cover1
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Cover2
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 1
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 2
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Contents
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 4
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 5
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 6
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 7
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 8
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IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 13
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 14
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 15
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 16
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 16A
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 16B
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 17
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 18
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 19
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 20
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - 21
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IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Cover3
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2014 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2019fallwinter
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