IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 8

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THE POLITICS OF DESIGN

Photos by: (left) Better Shelter; (right) Jonas Nyström

The global political debate has been heating up for years. Designers must be aware of which way the
winds of change are blowing to anticipate new challenges-and opportunities-on the horizon, says
Tom Greenall, associate director of architectural design and research firm DSDHA and tutor at the
Royal College of Art in London, England.
"In today's political climate, I think it is almost impossible to separate design and architecture
from politics," he says. "Political decisions have huge ramifications for design."
Greenall says critical design should do more than simply hold up a mirror to current situations-
it should investigate alternatives.
In that vein, IKEA has worked to address the population displacement of the Syrian refugee
crisis. Its Better Shelter, a temporary home designed for refugees, is shipped in a standard IKEA
flat pack and comes with lightweight, thermally protected polymer panels that connect to a steel
frame. The shelter, which won the London Design Museum's 2016 Beazley Design of the Year, is
designed to last three years. But it's not a universal fix. And in some instances, this type of onesize-fits-all design solution can actually make the situation worse, says Tony Fry, director, Studio
at the Edge of the World and adjunct professor at the Creative Exchange Institute, University of
Tasmania, Launceston, Australia.
"To put people into many of these flat pack, prefabricated shelters is to basically put them into a
hot box," he says.
For humanitarian housing designs to be effective, they need to be customized to local
conditions, leveraging the knowledge of local cultures and communities. For instance, some relief
groups give people plastic bags they can fill with local materials, such as sand. This gives refugees
the flexibility to create a structure that's more appropriate for the landscape and climate they're in.
"One of the things that's being recognized is that the design practice, knowledge, and theory of
the global north is not appropriate for the emergent and the historical circumstances of the global
south," Fry says. "We have to consider, who are we designing for and what are the consequences of
what we design for them?" -Tegan Jones

The IKEA-designed Better Shelter
was named the Beazley Design
of the Year 2016. The lightweight
frame is made from galvanized
steel. The expected lifespan of
the structure is three years in
moderate climates.

8

perspective

iida.org/perspective

Expired Passport
In March, British Prime Minister
Theresa May triggered Article
50, officially beginning the twoyear process that will see the
United Kingdom secede from the
European Union. In anticipation of
this move, architecture and design
magazine Dezeen challenged
designers to rethink the British
passport, which currently
designates the United Kingdom
as an EU country. The winning
entry of the unofficial competition
was designed by Scottish graphic
designer Ian Macfarlane.
According to Dezeen founder
and editor-in-chief Marcus Fairs,
who chaired the competition,
what made the winning entry so
powerful was its ambiguity. "It can
be read as representing a smooth
transition, a nostalgic return, or an
ominous darkening," he says.
In April, the U.K. government
issued a formal £490 million call
for the design and production of
a new passport. The official new
passport for a post-Brexit United
Kingdom will be issued in 2019.


http://www.iida.org/perspective

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017

IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017
Contents
From IIDA
Next
World View
Sum of Its Parts
Talk, Talk
Pre/Post
Data Viz
A Common Good
Pop Goes Design
A New School of Thought
Balancing Act
Scratch Pad
Insider Intel
Sound Bytes
IIDA News + Updates
Why This Design Works
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Cover2
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 1
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Contents
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 3
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 4
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - From IIDA
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Next
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 7
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 8
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 9
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 10
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 11
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - World View
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 13
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Sum of Its Parts
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 15
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Talk, Talk
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 17
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Pre/Post
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 19
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Data Viz
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 21
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 22
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 23
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - A Common Good
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 25
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 26
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 27
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 28
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 29
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 30
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 31
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Pop Goes Design
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 33
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 34
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 35
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 36
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 37
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - A New School of Thought
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 39
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 40
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 41
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 42
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 43
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Balancing Act
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 45
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 46
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 47
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Scratch Pad
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 49
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Insider Intel
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 51
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Sound Bytes
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 53
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - IIDA News + Updates
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - 55
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Why This Design Works
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Cover3
IIDA Perspective - Spring/Summer 2017 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2019fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2019summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2019spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2018fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2018summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2018spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2017fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2017springsummer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2016fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2016springsummer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2015fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2015springsummer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2014fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2014springsummer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2013fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2013springsummer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2012fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2012springsummer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2011fallwinter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/perspective_2011springsummer
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