America's First Freedom - April 2014 - 61

Detroit Police Chief Agrees: More Guns, Less Crime

E

xcept among dyed-in-the-wool anti-gun fanatics, it is commonly accepted that not
only do Right-to-Carry laws not cause crime to increase, they may deter violent
crimes. It is also firmly established that people who have carry permits are statistically
law-abiding citizens. Moreover, in recent years the number of Right-to-Carry states and
carry permit holders has reached all-time highs as the nation's murder rate has fallen to
nearly an all-time low.
That brings us to Detroit, which has seen its share of crime over the years and which
in 2012 had the highest murder rate of any major u.s. city. In early January, the Detroit
News reported that the city's police chief, James Craig, offered a solution by suggesting
that law-abiding citizens obtain concealed carry permits. That's not a position typically
espoused by big-city police chiefs. And Chief Craig didn't always think that way, either.
According to the article, Craig had worked for nearly 30 years in the Los Angeles
Police Department, before moving east to become the police chief in Portland, Maine.
It was there that he started believing that law-abiding gun owners could deter crime.

Chicago's Firearm Transfer Ban Falls
to Second Amendment Ruling

O

n January 6, Obama-appointed u.s. District Judge Edmond E. Chang of the
Northern District of Illinois issued a significant opinion that invalidated Chicago's
ban on firearm sales and transfers within the city. The suit was brought by the Illinois
Association of Firearms Retailers and three individuals, with the backing of the nra.
The Chicago transfer ban was part of a series of ordinances the city hastily enacted
after its total ban on handgun possession was invalidated by the Seventh Circuit Court of
Appeals' 2010 opinion in McDonald v. Chicago. Other aspects of the city's wide-ranging
gun control regime had already been whittled down in response to litigation and the
broad preemption provisions of Illinois' recently enacted Firearm Concealed Carry Act.
The ordinance at issue stated: "... no firearm may be sold, acquired or otherwise
transferred within the city, except through inheritance of the firearm." Chicago attempted
to justify the ordinance by pointing out that residents could obtain firearms outside the
city's borders and that the ordinance increased the "transaction costs" of the firearm trade,
making the acquisition of firearms by criminals more difficult. Chicago additionally
claimed gun stores "are dangerous in and of themselves and cannot be safely regulated."
The court called Chicago's argument that it could ban firearm sales, as long as guns
were available elsewhere, "profoundly mistaken." "Second Amendment rights," Judge
Chang wrote, "must be guaranteed within a specified geographic unit-be it city or state."
The court also determined that the restriction had to pass a high level of scrutiny,
because the type of regulation at issue was unknown to the framers of the Second
Amendment and because it broadly prohibited even law-abiding Chicagoans from
exercising an essential component of the rights protected by the Second Amendment.
Regarding Chicago's stated justification of increasing transaction costs, the court noted
that the evidence showed few criminals actually purchase firearms directly from legitimate
dealers. Thus, "residents who seek to legally buy a gun bear more of the share of the added
transaction costs in time, effort, and danger than gang members or would-be criminals. ..."
Examining another Chicago claim that the ban helped maintain the city's
"low household gun-ownership rate," the court opined: "It is ... doubtful that
minimizing household gun ownership is, after Heller and McDonald, even a valid
basis for gun regulation."
Demonstrating the importance of proper scrutiny, the case was distinguishable
from other recent opinions applying only "intermediate scrutiny" by its insistence that
the city do more than just produce "expert" opinions claiming the restrictions could
inhibit crime. Rather, the court refused to ignore the effects the restrictions also had on
law-abiding residents and legitimate activity.
Because Chicago does not otherwise regulate firearm sales, the court delayed
enforcement of its judgment so the city could pursue legislation on the matter.

"Coming from California where
it takes an act of Congress to get a
concealed weapon permit, I got to
Maine, where they give out lots of ccws
(carrying concealed weapon permits),
and I had a stack of ccw permits I was
denying; that was my orientation.
"I changed my orientation real quick.
Maine is one of the safest places in
America. Clearly, suspects knew that
good Americans were armed."
Chief Craig's statements echo
those he made a month earlier,
when he said that good citizens with
concealed pistol licenses "translates
into crime reduction."

IN MEMORY NRA-ILA
CONTRIBUTIONS
(Dec. 24, 2013-Jan. 23, 2014)

John Hillenbrand, Evansville, IN (from Shirley
Hillenbrand and Penny Reimann); John Meyer,
Manasquan, NJ (from Edith Meyer); King Pickens,
Wheeler, IL (from Rita Pickens); G. Richard
Brooksbank, Pekin, IL (from Mildred Brooksbank);
Russell Gerlach, Hoffman Estates, IL (from Patricia
Gerlach); Rev. W. Ramon Booth, Cainsville, MO (from
Carolene Booth); James Hood, Jefferson City, TN
(from Nic's Foods, Inc. and Nichols Specialty Products,
Inc.); John Fry, Etheridge, TN (from Marvin & Ruth
Jolliff and Peggy Moss); Elizabeth A. Lindstrom
(from Robert & Joyce Lindstrom); Leslie Menzies,
Guildall, VT (from Douglas & Rose Menzies); William
Floyd Murphy (from Wade Murphy); Dale Lillard,
Kahoka, MO (from Billy & Melba Yates); George Alves
(from Warren & Vickie Alves); Jeffrey Spadafore,
Modesto, CA (from Modesto Rifle Club)

IN HONOR OF
CONTRIBUTIONS

(Dec. 24, 2013-Jan. 23, 2014)

Pete Bailey (from C.R. Hipp Construction, Inc.)

ILA CONTRIBUTIONS

(The following contributed $1,000
or more to the nra Institute for
Legislative Action during Dec. 24,
2013-Jan. 23, 2014.)

Alexandra Henson, Chapel Hill, NC; Roy Skagen,
Mill Creek, WA; Edward White, Tucson, AZ; Mark &
K. Hanten, Alpine, CA; Robert Lipscomb, Quitman,
TX; Richard Bernardi, Simpsonville, KY; David
Blevins, Pontotoc, TX; Michael Williams, Aurora, CO;
Lynette Achord, Kennesaw, GA; Vernon Wander,
Waubun, MN; Bobby Tigert, Shreveport, LA; Victor
Tate, Bozeman, MT; Robert Campbell, Kingsbury,
TX; Duane Smith, Felt, OK; Karen Lien, Perkasie,
PA; William Wilson, Grand Junction, CO; Ernest
Carpenter, Edmond, TX; Stan Piotrowski, Byron
Center, MI; David Rogers, Midland, TX; Bruce Farrell,
Byron Center, MI; William Viott, Monument, CO;
James Hall, Midland, TX; Robert Lindstrom, Ankeny,
IA; Rick Griffin, Fort Smith, AR ; Davidson's,
Prescott, AZ; Sturm, Ruger & Co., Inc., Southport,
CT; Cape Radiology Group, Cape Girardeau, MO;
Benelli USA, Accokeek, MD; Associated Gun
Clubs of Baltimore, Inc., Marriottsville, MD; FFL
Holdings, LLC, Springville, UT; R. Field and Stream
Association, Lebanon, PA; Brownells, Inc.,
Montezuma, IA; Big Bend Sportsman Club, Alpine,
TX; Great Plains Outdoorsmen, Aberdeen, SD; and
Remington Arms/Freedom Group, Madison, NC.

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of America's First Freedom - April 2014

America's First Freedom - April 2014 - 1
America's First Freedom - April 2014 - 2
America's First Freedom - April 2014 - 3
America's First Freedom - April 2014 - 4
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