American Rifleman - October 2016 - 64

GUNS ON THE BORDER M1903 was a superb rifle, the Warner & Swasey telescope proved to be less than satisfactory and was dropped from the Army's inventory in the 1920s. Colt Model 1911 .45 Pistol The '03 Springfield was not the only firearm used during the Punitive Expedition that would become an icon of the U.S. military. Designed by the legendary John M. Browning, the semi-automatic Model 1911 pistol was chambered for the potent .45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol) cartridge and utilized a seven-round detachable magazine. The .45 ACP cartridge was adopted, in large measure, because of the failure of the .38 Colt revolver as a reliable man-stopper during the Philippine Insurrection, which occurred in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War. The double-action .38-cal. Colt revolvers were adopted in the early 1890s and intended to be a replacement for the obsolescent .45 Colt Single Action Army revolvers. The .38s demonstrated a lack of stopping power during close-quarter combat in the Philippines, though, and the Model 1911 pistol and .45 ACP were eventually adopted to rectify this problem. It soon proved to be one of the best military combat handguns of all time. Prior to World War I, the Model 1911 pistol was manufactured by Colt. In addition, a relatively small number were also made by Springfield Armory in 1914 and 1915. The M1911 saw extensive use during the 1916 Mexican Punitive Expedition by both U.S. Army infantry and cavalry troops. The pistol performed its duties in an exemplary manner, as it did on countless battlefields over the subsequent 80 or more years. The M1911 remained the standard U.S. Army handgun during World War I and saw widespread combat use in France. It proved its value in the small-scale, but often brutal, actions such as the "Banana Wars" in the 1920s and 1930s. The slightly improved M1911A1 pistol was manufactured and used in large numbers during World War II, along with many refurbished M1911s. As was the case with the '03 rifle, the M1911 was one of the most popular arms used during the 1916 Expedition and served our troops well. Model 1909 Benet-Mercie Machine Rifle While the '03 Springfield and the M1911 were superb and routinely performed in an excellent manner, the same cannot be said for the standard U.S. Army light machine gun of the era, referred to in official documents as an "Automatic Rifle." Developed by two employees of the French firm Hotchkiss, the gun was adopted in 1909 as the "Model of 1909 Benet-Mercie Machine Rifle." The standard U.S. infantry machine guns of the early 20th century were belt-fed designs mounted on heavy and bulky tripods; the Model 1895 and Model 1904. Both guns generally functioned satisfactorily, but they were quite heavy and cumbersome. The air-cooled Model 1895 weighed more than 90 lbs., and the water-cooled Model 1904 exceeded 150 lbs. There was an obvious need for an automatic arm that could be more easily transported by infantry and cavalry. The Model 1909 Benet-Mercie Machine Rifle, which weighed only about 30 lbs., was deemed to be the gun the Army was looking for. Chambered for the same .30-'06 Sprg. cartridge as the M1903 rifle, the Benet-Mercie utilized a 30-round metal feed strip and fired at the rate of approximately 400 rounds per minute. The U.S. M1909 BenetMercie was manufactured by Springfield Armory and Colt with a combined production of 670 guns. Interestingly, the Model 1909 Machine Rifle was fitted with the previouslymentioned Model 1908 Warner & Swasey Musket Sight to aid in long-range firing. The Benet-Mercie's baptism of combat occurred during the Punitive Expedition- during which its inherent flaws became The first sergeant of the U.S. Scouts (l.) was said to be able to track anyone over any terrain. He and his comrade are armed with Model of 1911 U.S. Army pistols, shown here with a U.S. Model 1912 holster. 64 OCTOBER 2016 AMERICAN RIFLEMAN Photo courtesy of Rock Island Auction Co.

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Rifleman - October 2016

Contents
American Rifleman - October 2016 - Cover1
American Rifleman - October 2016 - Cover2
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 1
American Rifleman - October 2016 - Contents
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 3
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 4
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 5
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 6
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 7
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 8
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 9
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 10
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 11
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American Rifleman - October 2016 - 28
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American Rifleman - October 2016 - 33
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 34
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 35
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 36
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 37
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 38
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 39
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 40
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 41
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 42
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 43
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American Rifleman - October 2016 - 45
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 46
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 47
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 48
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 49
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 50
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 51
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American Rifleman - October 2016 - 53
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 54
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 55
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 56
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 57
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American Rifleman - October 2016 - 60
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 61
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 62
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 63
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 64
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 65
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 66
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 67
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 68
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 69
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 70
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 71
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 72
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 73
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 74
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 75
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 76
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 77
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 78
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 79
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 80
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 81
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 82
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 83
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 84
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 85
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 86
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 87
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 88
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American Rifleman - October 2016 - C1
American Rifleman - October 2016 - C2
American Rifleman - October 2016 - E1
American Rifleman - October 2016 - E2
American Rifleman - October 2016 - MW1
American Rifleman - October 2016 - MW2
American Rifleman - October 2016 - S1
American Rifleman - October 2016 - S2
American Rifleman - October 2016 - SW1
American Rifleman - October 2016 - SW2
American Rifleman - October 2016 - W1
American Rifleman - October 2016 - W2
American Rifleman - October 2016 - 100
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