American Rifleman - August 2017 - 55

Courtesy of the Marine Corps History Division

inventor, Col. Isaac N. Lewis, and Gen. William Crozier, the
U.S. Army's Chief of Ordnance, the new American version of
the bipod-mounted, shoulder-fired machine gun was, like
the '03 Springfield rifle, chambered in .30-'06 Sprg. Firing
47 rounds out of its distinctive top-mounted drum magazine, the air-cooled Lewis gun quickly became a favorite of
Marines training at Quantico, and handcarts were developed (again by Cole) to carry the guns into battle.
However, after landing in France, the Marines' Lewis guns
were taken away from them and replaced with the questionable French Chauchat automatic rifle and the Hotchkiss
heavy machine gun. Although, at the time, the Marines were
furious at this the turn of events, in hindsight, the change
is understandable. Maintaining a supply of replacement
parts for Lewis guns would have been more than difficult
for the single brigade of Marines within an Army division,
and that division being one of at least 40 divisions within
the Services of Supply for the entire American Expeditionary
According to an account by L.W.T. Waller, Jr., after German aircraft
strafed the field kitchens of the 6th Machine Gun Battalion during
the Battle of Soissons, Marine gunners set up their Hotchkiss guns
to fire on any planes that returned. Waller commanded the battalion after the death of Maj. Edward Cole at Belleau Wood.
According to his grandniece, Pvt. John J. Kelly was a devoted
Irish nationalist, and once faced a court-martial for refusing
to accept an award from the British government. Although the
serial number of the rifle that he "lost" when he was wounded
at Belleau Wood is known, research is ongoing to discover the
serial number of the M1911 Colt pistol that he used in the
scene here, again painted by Col. Waterhouse.

AMERICANRIFLEMAN.ORG

AUGUST 2017

55


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Rifleman - August 2017

Contents
American Rifleman - August 2017 - CW1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - CW2
American Rifleman - August 2017 - Cover1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - Cover2
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - Contents
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 3
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 4
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 5
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 6
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 7
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 8
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 10
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 11
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 26
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 28
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 29
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 30
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 31
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 33
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 34
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 35
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 36
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 37
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 38
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 43
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 50
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 53
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 54
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 55
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 85
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 86
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 87
American Rifleman - August 2017 - C1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - C2
American Rifleman - August 2017 - E1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - E2
American Rifleman - August 2017 - MW1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - MW2
American Rifleman - August 2017 - S1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - S2
American Rifleman - August 2017 - SW1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - SW2
American Rifleman - August 2017 - W1
American Rifleman - August 2017 - W2
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American Rifleman - August 2017 - 98
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 99
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 100
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 101
American Rifleman - August 2017 - 102
American Rifleman - August 2017 - Cover3
American Rifleman - August 2017 - Cover4
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