STORES Magazine - June 2011 - (Page 24)

EXECUTIVE SUITE / BUSINESS STRATEGY Making it Happen IBM’s centennial shines light on seminal retail technologies Indeed. The company, which celebrates its centennial this month, also pioneered technology that has redefined the retail industry, from the UPC barcode system and magnetic stripe technology used on credit cards to the platforms that power retailers’ e-commerce businesses. Here’s a look at some groundbreaking IBM technologies — and the people behind them — that have reshaped the retail industry, including Watson, the Jeopardy-slaying supercomputer it hopes will usher in the next phase of retail change. Magnetic Stripe Technology t was the late 1960s, and IBM was faced with the challenge of updating the point-ofsale payment business, which was inaccurate, costly and used an old card imprinting technology “that wasn’t reliable and was expensive,” recalls Jerome Svigals, the former IBM project manager who is known as “the father of mag striped cards.” At that time, when a shopper paid with his credit card, a retail sales person would capture the transaction by imprinting the card’s raised embossed characters against a piece of paper to get an imprint of the consumer’s bank information. The store would then have to call the shopper’s bank to 24 STORES / JUNE 2011 F BY BARBARA THAU ew would argue that IBM is one of the most iconic American businesses and the driving force behind the advent of computers, which have forever changed the way we work and live. But a retail trailblazer? I approve the sale transaction. IBM was under a time pressure to come up with a reliable, machine-readable technology, Svigals says. The airline and banking industries were betting on the company to devise an improved payment method fast: ultra-modern 747s were coming online, and the airline sector was worried about the increased number of passengers who would be flying. Meanwhile, banks were worrying about the rollout of ATMs. “We decided that the thing to do was magnetics,” Svigals recalls, but IBMers were scratching their heads as to how to get the strip of magnetized tape to adhere to the plastic card. The “a-ha” moment came when IBM engineer Forrest Parry was sharing this dilemma with his wife, who had been ironing. She suggested that he use the iron to melt on the strip. It worked. Svigals then developed the process by which the magnetic stripe is hotstamped onto the plastic credit card. Today, “There are five billion swipes of a magnetic card every day,” says Jill Puleri, IBM vice president and global retail leader. “It absolutely changed the way we handle payment.” “There are five billion swipes of a magnetic card The magnetic stripe every day. It absolutely changed the way we handle card and the magnetic payment.” — Jill Puleri, IBM stripe readers at POS WWW.STORES.ORG http://WWW.STORES.ORG

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of STORES Magazine - June 2011

Stores - June 2011
Contents
Editor’s Page
President’s Page
Trends
Retail People
CEO Compensation
Customer Service
Business Strategy
What We’ve Learned
Loss Prevention Supplier Directory
Research
Mobile
Q&A
Concept2Watch
Customer Rewards
Business Management
Social Media
Planning Solutions
Loyalty Programs
Business Intelligence
Multi-Channel
Payments
Store Operations
Divisional Update
NRF News
Point of View
Retail Industry Calendar
End Cap

STORES Magazine - June 2011

http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrf/STORES2019_tuesday
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrf/STORES2019_monday
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrf/STORES2019_sunday
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrf/STORES2019_preview
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrf/STORES_bigshowdaily20180116
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrf/STORES_bigshowdaily20180115
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrf/STORES_bigshowdaily20180114
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrf/STORES2018_preview
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0415
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0315
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0215
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0115
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1214
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1114
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0914
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0814
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0714
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0614
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0514
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES_sourcebook2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0414
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0314
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0214
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0114
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1213
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1113_buyersguide
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1113
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1013
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES_mediakit2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0913
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0813
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0713
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0613
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0513
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0413
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0313
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0213
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES2013_20130115
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES2013_20130113
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES2013_20130114
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES2013_preview
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0113
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES_mediakit2013
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES2012_preview
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES1011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES_mediakit2012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0311_v2
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/STORES0111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores_mediakit2011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/store_bigshow2010_post
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores_bigshow_20100112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores_bigshow_20100111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores_bigshow_20100110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/store_bigshowpreview2010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1009
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores-globalretail08
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1007
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores-globalretail07
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0106-globalretail
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores0106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1205
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nrfe/stores1105
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com