2018 New York State Boater's Guide - 32
CROSSING. Here both vessels are approaching each other
at perpendicular or oblique angles and expect to pass close to
one another. The rules specify that the vessel which has the other
on its starboard side must keep out of the way. In this case the
give way vessel should sound one short blast and alter course
to starboard thus leaving the stand on vessel to port.
OVERTAKING. This situation exists when one vessel is coming up from any direction two or more points abaft (behind) the
other vessel's beam. The overtaking vessel is considered the
give-way vessel and must keep clear of the vessel it is overtaking.
The overtaking vessel should sound its intentions with respect
to the desired side of passing, and the overtaken vessel must
stand-on until the other vessel is past and clear.
Keep these things in mind:
1. Most practical on water situations may involve more than two
vessels operating under less than ideal conditions. In any multiple
vessel encounter, all mariners should exercise good seamanship,
operate at a safe speed, and if ever in doubt as to the intentions
of another vessel, immediately sound the danger signal, slacken
speed, stop, or reverse the engines until the risk of collision passes.
2. As the stand-on vessel in any situation you must hold course
and speed until such time as it becomes apparent to you that
the action of the give-way vessel alone can not avoid a collision.
Don't be stubborn, even if you are entitled to the right of way expect the unexpected and be prepared to yield. Always exercise
prudent seamanship in all close quarter and restricted navigation
situations. Remember that a good number of your fellow boaters
don't know a lot about boating, not to mention what the rules of
the road prescribe.
Rules for Restricted Visibility
When operating under conditions of restricted visibility such
as fog, heavy rain, snow, etc., all vessels must travel at a "Safe
Speed" for the prevailing conditions. In addition motor vessels
must sound a prolonged blast (4-6 second duration) on the horn
or whistle every two minutes. Motor vessels less than 12 meters
(39ft.) in length that can't give this signal must make some other
efficient sound signal every two minutes. Also turn on your naviga32