2018 New York State Boater's Guide - 44

Before getting underway, be certain to load your vessel
properly. Never enter your boat in such a manner as to upset
the stability of the craft. Hand equipment to others onboard and
don't overextend yourself. Distribute the load evenly throughout the boat so as not to impair the handling and operational
characteristics. Never exceed the vessels capacity rating and
never overpower your vessel.

Basic Flotation

Another important item installed in many boats during construction is flotation. Since 1972 all boats less than 20 feet in length
have been required to have built in flotation. Those built since 1978
have sufficient flotation to float the boat and its occupants, even
when flooded with water. This feature is also found on several
larger boats as well.
Because of this built in feature, your boat can also double as
a self-rescue platform in the event of an accident. Should a boat
with flotation swamp, flood, or otherwise partially sink in the water,
don't abandon it. In most cases you may be able to climb back
in and possibly be able to maneuver to shore. Remember that
the shoreline is usually further away than it looks. Many drown
trying to swim for shore while those that stay with the boat are
frequently rescued.

Overloading

Overloading any boat
will decrease stability and
reduce performance. A
capacity plate placed
aboard vessels less than
20 feet in length will
tell you just how much
weight and/or people the
boat may safely carry. It is
important to never exceed the capacity plate. Remember that gear
counts against a boats capacity. Overloading can lead to the loss
of stability and the possibility of capsizing.

44



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of 2018 New York State Boater's Guide

Table of Contents
2018 New York State Boater's Guide - Cover1
2018 New York State Boater's Guide - Cover2
2018 New York State Boater's Guide - 1
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