2015 New York Safe Boating - 5
Parts of a Boat
Boats are classified based on their length and whether or not
they carry a motor. The classification of the boat determines
what safety equipment you must carry. Your boat's length
will also determine the registration fee.
Hull-the basic structural shell of a boat.
Bow-the forward (front) part of a boat.
Stern-the after (back) part of a boat.
Keel-the backbone of the boat running from the bow to the
stern along the underside of the boat along the center line.
Transom-vertical surface at the back of the stern which
extends across the stern from one side to the other.
Outboard motors are mounted on the transom.
Gunwale-upper edge of a boat's sides (rails).
Bilge-the area beneath the floorboards, or the lowest point
of hull in a boat without floorboards.
Cabin-an enclosed portion of the hull.
Helm-the operating station where the operator controls the
direction and speed of the boat.
Cockpit-a recessed area in the after deck where the
controls of the boat are located.
Rudder-steering device on the stern of the boat.
Boats that move through the water by manual effort or sail-
such as canoes, kayaks, rowboats and sailboats without a
motor onboard-are classified as non-motorized boats. Any
boat equipped with "propulsion machinery"-an inboard
or outboard motor fueled by gasoline, diesel, electricity or
steam - is a motorboat and fits into one of five classes:
than 16 feet
feet to less than 26 feet
feet to less than 40 feet
feet to 65 feet
than 65 feet
Throttle-a means of controlling the speed of the boat's
Deck-the name of the floor on a boat.
Propeller-a device with two or more twisted blades that is
designed to move a boat through the water. The propeller is
connected to the engine by a shaft.
Boat Plug-a device used to close the drain hole in the bottom
of the boat.
Shear Pin-a steel pin that fits the propeller to the shaft and is
designed to break to protect the propeller.
Winch-a hand or mechanical device used to pull in a rope or a
Hatch-an opening in the boat's deck or hull that allows people
or equipment to pass through.
WHAT MAKES A GOOD OPERATOR
Vent-an opening that allows air to pass through the hull.
The first duty of a good operator is the safety of the boat
and its passengers.
* are always in control of their craft and themselves.
* know the laws and rules and obey them.
* know their job, their boat and its equipment.
* continue to improve their seamanship and add to
their boat handling skills.
* keep a checklist on safety equipment and goes over
it each time before casting off.
* are thoughtful of other boats and people.
* are always alert to danger.
* do not take chances or run risks.
* aids others in danger or distress.
* keeps their craft clean and in shape.
* keeps a log.