IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 2

ABOUT THIS ISSUE

Are We Prepared
for the Next
Solar Storm?
By Yilu Liu

HIS SPECIAL ISSUE BRINGS A LOOK AT OUR INDUSTRY'S
perspective on geomagnetically induced currents
(GICs) and how they impact power grids. Geomagnetic
disturbances (GMDs), also referred to as solar magnetic disturbances, are known to affect the normal operation of modern technology both on Earth and in orbit. As our society becomes more
dependent on continental-sized electric power transmission
grids, global satellite communication, and satellite-based navigation systems, these systems have become more susceptible to
the effects of GMDs.
The possible impact of GICs on power grids was recognized by
scholars since the early 1900. The U.S. Department of Energy funded
a significant research effort at
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Geomagnetic
and other labs over several dedisturbances are
cades. It was not until the 1989
Quebec blackout that GICs beknown to affect the
came a subject of active concern
normal operation of
for space scientists, geologists,
modern technology.
and especially power engineers
globally. GICs research has been
reported from North America,
Northern Europe, Great Britain, Russia, China, Japan, Brazil, and
South Africa. The main focus of these research activities includes
x monitoring space weather
x GICs measurement and modeling in the power grids
x transformer modeling and testing
x power grids' response to GICs
x mitigation of GICs and its impacts.
GMDs could have a significant impact on modern society and
endanger our way of life, but they also have a low probability of
occurrence. On average, there are approximately four days of
extreme solar storms in an 11-year solar cycle. Analyses and
research on the 1989 Quebec GMD blackout and many other more
extensive investigations made the industry realize the first failure

T

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MELE.2015.2480515
Date of publication: 2 December 2015

2

I E E E E l e c t r i f i cati o n M agaz ine / DECEMBER 2015

EDITORIAL BOARD
Saifur Rahman
Editor-in-Chief
Virginia Tech
Virginia, USA
srahman@vt.edu
Iqbal Husain
Editor, Electric Vehicles
North Carolina State
University
North Carolina, USA
ihusain2@ncsu.edu
Eduard Muljadi
Coeditor, Electric Vehicles
NREL: Wind Research
Colorado, USA
eduard.muljadi@nrel.gov
Herb Ginn
Editor, Electric Ships
Universitiy of
South Carolina
South Carolina, USA
ginnhl@cec.sc.edu

Mohammad
Shahidehpour
Editor, Microgrid
Illinois Institute
of Technology
Chicago, USA
ms@iit.edu
Steve Pullins
Coeditor, Microgrid
GridIntellect
Tennessee, USA
steve@gridintellect.com
IEEE PERIOD IC ALS
MAGAZINES
DEPARTMEN T
445 Hoes Lane,
Piscataway, NJ 08854
USA
Debby Nowicki
Managing Editor
Geri Krolin-Taylor
Senior Managing Editor

Robert Cuzner
Coeditor, Electric Ships
University of
Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Wisconsin, USA
Cuzner@uwm.edu

Janet Dudar
Senior Art Director

Eduardo Pilo de la
Fuente
Editor, Electric Trains
EPRail Research
and Consulting
Spain
eduardo.pilo@eprail.com

Theresa L. Smith
Production Coordinator

Jose Conrado Martinez
Coeditor, Electric Trains
Directcion de Estrategia
y Desarrollo
Spain
jcmartinez@adif.es
Bulent Sarlioglu
Editor, Electric Planes
University of
Wisconsin-Madison
Wisconsin, USA
bulent@engr.wisc.edu

Gail A. Schnitzer,
Mark Morrissey
Associate Art Directors

Felicia Spagnoli
Advertising Production
Manager
Peter M. Tuohy
Production Director
Dawn Melley
Editorial Director
Fran Zappulla
Staff Director,
Publishing Operations
ADVERTISIN G
SALES
Erik Henson
Naylor Association
Solutions
Tel: +1 352 333 3443
Fax: +1 352 331 3525
ehenson@naylor.com

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MELE.2015.2480687



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015

IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - Cover1
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - Cover2
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 1
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 2
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 3
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 4
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 5
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 6
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 7
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 8
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 9
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 10
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 11
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 12
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 13
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 14
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 15
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 16
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 17
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 18
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 19
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 20
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 21
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 22
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 23
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 24
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 25
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 26
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 27
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 28
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IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 30
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 31
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 32
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 33
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 34
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 35
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 36
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 37
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 38
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 39
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 40
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 41
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 42
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 43
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 44
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 45
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 46
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 47
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 48
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 49
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 50
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 51
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 52
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 53
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 54
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 55
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 56
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 57
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 58
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 59
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 60
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 61
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 62
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 63
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - 64
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - Cover3
IEEE Electrification Magazine - December 2015 - Cover4
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http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2019
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http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2015
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2015
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_march2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_december2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_december2013
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