IEEE Electrification Magazine - June 2016 - 57

research on terrestrial dc microgrids, such as dc power
architecture, the application of ESSs, hierarchical control,
and different coordination methods. We also presented
objective-oriented coordinated management methods
and protective functions for future MVdc IPSs, which are
to meet the specific need of maritime applications using
methodologies from dc microgrids.
In the last decade, there were several prototypes of
ships on the low-voltage dc level, while, for the MVdc
IPS, there are still technological challenges and de-risking studies to be performed. However, it is foreseeable
that the advanced technologies from terrestrial dc
microgrids are potentially applicable in the MVdc IPS of
the future AES. Thus, such a combination will contribute
to the implementation of high-performance MVdc IPSs
for both commercial and mission-oriented vessels in the
near future.

For Further Reading
J. M. Guerrero, J. C. Vasquez, J. Matas, L. G. de Vicuña, and M.
Castilla, "Hierarchical control of droop-controlled ac and dc
microgrids-A general approach toward standardization," IEEE
Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 158-172, Jan. 2011.
G. Sulligoi, A. Tessarolo, V. Benucci, A. M. Trapani, M. Baret,
and F. Luise, "Shipboard power generation: Design and development of a medium-voltage dc generation system," IEEE
Industry Applicat. Mag., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 47-55, July-Aug. 2013.
M. Cupelli, F. Ponci, G. Sulligoi, A. Vicenzutti, C. S. Edrington,
T. El-mezyani, and A. Monti, "Power flow control and network
stability in an all-electric ship" Proc. IEEE, vol. 103, no. 12,
pp. 2355-2380, Dec. 2015.
R. M. Cuzner, D. A. Esmaili, "Fault tolerant shipboard MVDC
architectures," in Proc. Int. Conf. Elect. Syst. Aircraft, Railway,
Ship Propulsion, Road Vehicles (ESARS), Aachen, Germany, 2015,
pp. 1-6.
B. Zahedi and L. E. Norum, "Modeling and simulation of allelectric ships with low-voltage dc hybrid power systems,"
IEEE Trans. Power Electr., vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 4525-4537, Oct. 2013.
N. Remijn and B. Krijgsman, "Advantages of common dc
busses on ships," in Proc. IEEE 2010 Third Inter. Symp., Galati,
Romania, pp. 177-182.
V. Staudt, R. Bartelt, and C. Heising, "Short-circuit protection issues in dc ship grids," in Proc. IEEE 2013 Electric Ship Technologies Symp. (ESTS), Arlington, VA, 2013, pp. 475-479.
J. F. Hansen, J. O. Lindtjørn, and K. Vanska, "Onboard dc grid
for enhanced DP operation in ships," presented at Proc.
Dynamic Positioning Conf., Houston, TX, 2011.
T. J. McCoy, "Integrated power systems-An outline of
requirements and functionalities for ships," Proc. IEEE, vol. 103,
no. 12, pp. 2276-2284, Dec. 2015.

Biographies
Zheming Jin (zhe@et.aau.dk) received his B.S. and M.S.
degrees from Beijing Jiaotong University, China, in 2013
and 2015, respectively. He is currently working toward his
Ph.D. degree in the Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark. His current research interests
include dc distribution systems, dc microgrid-based power
systems for mobile applications, and power and energy
management of mobile microgrids.

Giorgio Sulligoi (giorgio.sulligoi@di3.units.it)
received his M.S. degree (with honors) in electrical
engineering from the University of Trieste, Italy, in
2001 and his Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering
from the University of Padua, Italy, in 2005. In 2005, he
joined MAI Control Systems, Milan. He first became an
assistant professor at the University of Trieste in 2007,
where he is now currently an associate professor as
well as the founder and director of the grid-connected
and marine electric power generation and control laboratory in the Department of Engineering and Architecture. His research interests include shipboard power
systems, all-electric ships, generator modeling, and
voltage control.
Rob Cuzner (cuzner@uwm.edu) is an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering,
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. He was previously
a staff systems engineer at DRS Power and Control
Technologies, where he worked for 20 years on the
development of power conversion equipment for Navy
shipboard integrated power systems, electric propulsion, and shipboard-compatible variable-speed drives.
Lexuan Meng (lme@et.aau.dk) received his B.S. and
M.S. degrees in electrical engineering from the Nanjing
University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China, in
2009 and 2012, respectively. He is currently working as a
postdoc in power electronic systems at the Department
of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark, as
a  member of the Microgrid Research Program. His
research interests include energy management systems,
secondary and tertiary control for microgrids concerning
power-quality regulation, and optimization issues, as
well as the applications of distributed control and communication algorithms.
Juan C. Vasquez (juq@et.aau.dk) received his B.S.
degree in electronics engineering from the Autonomous
University of Manizales, Colombia, in 2004. In 2009, he
received his Ph.D. degree in automatic control, robotics,
and computer vision from the Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain. In 2011, he joined the Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark,
where he works as an associate professor and is coleader
of the Microgrid Research Program.
Josep M. Guerrero (joz@et.aau.dk) received his B.S.
degree in telecommunications engineering, his M.S.
degree in electronics engineering, and his Ph.D. degree in
power electronics from the Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain, in 1997, 2000, and 2003, respectively. Since 2011, he has been a full professor with the
Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University,
Denmark, where he is responsible for the Microgrid
Research Program. In 2014 and 2015, he was recognized
by Thomson Reuters as a highly cited researcher. He is a
Fellow of the IEEE.

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http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2019
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http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_march2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2017
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http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2015
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2015
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_march2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_june2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_september2014
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/electrification_december2014
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