IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 103

durante el desarrollo de los disyun-
tores en aceite, los laboratorios de prue-
bas tenían limitaciones para probar las
capacidades de tensión y corriente. de-

bido a esto, estaban limitados a la veri-
ficación de la tensión y la corriente de
una sola ruptura. las técnicas de prue-
bas sintéticas modernas habían hecho

Válvula de escape
Válvula de control
Cuerno de arco
Contacto de balancín
Contacto intermedio
Brazo de funcionamiento
lateral
Ventilaciones

Orificios de entrada
Contacto de movimiento
inferior
Resorte del brazo de
funcionamiento
Pistón de aceite
Anillo de retardo de bombeo

Travesaño de contacto
móvil
Interruptor tipo flujo múltiple, vista en corte

gráfico 5. Un interruptor de flujos múltiples. (Del Boletín Descriptivo de Westinghouse 33-355, enero de 1961.)

gráfico 6. Bloque de redes de un interruptor para un interruptor de rupturas
múltiples. (Del Boletín Descriptivo de Westinghouse 33-355, enero de 1961.)
mayo/junio 2018

posible probar una capacidad de ruptu-
ra mayor de los interruptores.

Apertura y cierre
de los disyuntores
A principios de la década de 1900, el
cierre del disyuntor normalmente se ha-
cía con una operación manual o un mo-
tor. se incluían cerraduras para mante-
ner la posición cerrada. la apertura se
lograba soltando la cerradura para que
se pudiera liberar la energía del resorte
comprimido que se almacenaba durante
el movimiento de cierre. se podía soltar
la cerradura de forma manual o eléctri-
ca. A principios de la década de 1920,
los disyuntores de 220 kV tenían un
tiempo de interrupción de cerca de 12
ciclos: cuatro ciclos hasta el inicio del
arco seguidos por ocho ciclos durante
el arco. los requisitos de los sistemas
de potencia generaban una mayor capa-
cidad de interrupción y períodos más
breves de interrupción. el avance en
los períodos más breves de interrupción
dio lugar a una disminución de ocho a
cinco ciclos y se redujo más hasta llegar
al período más común de interrupción
de tres ciclos en la actualidad.
en la década de 1920, el funcio-
namiento de un disyuntor se lograba
normalmente con la energía de sole-
noides para cerrar y cargar los resortes
de apertura. A medida que mejoraba el

gráfico 7. Un conjunto de interruptores de rupturas múltiples (desde la
izquierda: 138, 230 y 345 kV). (Del
Boletín Descriptivo de Westinghouse,
33-253, septiembre de 1977.)
ieee power & energy magazine

103



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018

Contenidos
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Contenidos
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 2
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 3
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 4
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 5
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 6
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 7
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 8
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 9
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 10
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 11
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 12
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 13
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 14
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 15
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 16
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 17
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 18
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 19
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 20
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 21
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 22
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 23
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 24
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 25
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 26
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 27
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 28
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 29
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 30
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 31
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 32
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 33
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 34
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 35
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 36
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 37
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 38
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 39
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 40
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 41
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 42
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 43
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 44
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 45
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 46
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 47
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 48
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 49
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 50
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 51
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 52
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 53
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 54
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 55
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 56
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 57
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 58
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 59
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 60
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 61
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 62
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 63
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 64
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 65
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 66
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 67
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 68
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 69
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 70
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 71
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 72
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 73
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 74
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 75
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 76
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 77
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 78
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 79
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 80
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 81
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 82
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 83
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 84
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 85
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 86
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 87
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 88
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 89
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 90
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 91
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 92
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 93
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 94
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 95
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 96
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 97
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 98
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 99
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 100
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 101
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 102
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 103
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 104
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 105
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 106
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 107
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 108
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 109
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 110
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 111
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 112
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 113
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 114
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 115
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 116
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 117
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 118
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 119
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 120
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 121
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 122
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 123
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1119
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070819
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050619
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030419
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010219
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111218
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_091018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_070818
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_050618
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_030418
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_010218
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0917
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0717
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0517
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0117
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0317
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_1116
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_0916
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pes/powerenergy_sp_111217
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com