IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 111

alta tensión. Uno de dichos diseños se
muestra en el gráfico 18 como ejemplo
del avance logrado en la reducción de la
cantidad de aceite. el tipo de disyuntor
tanque vivo (gráfico 19) era un diseño
conservador en cantidad de aceite; sin
embargo, este tipo de disyuntor no pro-
porcionaba la magnitud de las corrien-
tes de interrupción deseadas y no llegó
a ser un diseño importante para el mer-
cado de los ee. UU. como se mencionó
anteriormente. los oCB alcanzaron
su tensión más alta de 345 kV (gráfico
20), originalmente diseñados para inte-
rrupciones de 40 kA y posteriormente
modificados para llegar a los 63 kA,
con placas internas para evitar descar-
gas disruptivas en la pared del tanque
durante la interrupción de corriente
superior a 63 kA.

mayo/junio 2018

Aplicaciones
la aplicación del disyuntor en aceite
requería ciertas consideraciones por
parte de los usuarios de ingeniería de
servicios públicos, como un posible in-
cendio de hidrocarburos en caso de fa-
lla. Aunque era un caso poco habitual,
la posibilidad de que ocurriera influía
en la ubicación de las subestaciones.
Como se explicó anteriormente, la inte-
rrupción de una falla se puede resumir
en explosiones controladas, dado que el
arco se extingue entre los interruptores.
A medida que aumentaba la corriente
de la falla, la magnitud de las consi-
guientes fuerzas requería la atención al
diseño de tanques y bases. los diseños
de absorción de energía internos de los
tanques consistían en cámaras de aire
atrapado y cámaras de aire sumergido

como amortiguadores de impacto; sin
embargo, la estabilidad de los disyun-
tores durante la interrupción de fallas
seguía requiriendo tamaños específi-
cos y cierre de sujeción.
la historia muestra que la produc-
ción e instalación de oCB respondió
a las necesidades de los sistemas de
transmisión eléctrica en la década de
1980. Hoy en día, un disyuntor que usa
hexafluoruro de azufre es ahora la op-
ción para responder a la continua de-
manda de tensiones más altas, mayores
corrientes, capacidad y conmutación
de reactores; sin embargo, miles de
oCB continúan estando en servicio.

p&e

ieee power & energy magazine

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018

Contenidos
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Contenidos
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 124
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover4
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