IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 8

sustanciales de energía renovable ha
cambiado las características del sistema eléctrico.
Gracias a una amplia variedad de
fuentes de energías renovables, se puso
de manifiesto la necesidad de sistemas
de control más sofisticados para facilitar la conexión de fuentes a lo que, de
otra manera, sería una red fácilmente
controlable. La potencia de las celdas
fotovoltaicas (y, en menor medida, de
las turbinas eólicas) también ha cuestionado la necesidad de grandes centrales
de potencia centralizadas. Los costos
rápidamente descendentes de las energías renovables apuntan a un importante
cambio en la topología de la red centralizada hacia una ampliamente distribuida, con la potencia siendo generada y
consumida en los límites de la red. La
creciente preocupación por la seguridad
ha suscitado pedidos de una red de energía más robusta, que dependa menos en

8

ieee power & energy magazine

las centrales de potencia centralizadas,
percibidas como vulnerables.

Una definición de "red
inteligente"
La primera definición oficial de redes
inteligentes en los estados Unidos fue
proporcionada por la Ley de autonomía energética y Seguridad de 2007,
aprobada por el Congreso en enero de
2007. esta brinda una descripción con
diez características que pueden considerarse una definición de red inteligente, y es la siguiente:
es la política de los estados
Unidos para apoyar la modernización del sistema de transmisión y
distribución de la electricidad de
la nación, para mantener una infraestructura de electricidad confiable y segura que pueda cumplir
con el crecimiento futuro de la demanda y alcanzar cada una de las

siguientes características, que juntas describen una red inteligente:
(1) Uso creciente de la tecnología
de la información digital y de los
controles para mejorar la confiabilidad, la seguridad y la eficiencia
de la red eléctrica. (2) optimización dinámica de las operaciones
y recursos de la red con seguridad
informática completa. (3) despliegue e integración de recursos y de
generación distribuidos, incluyendo recursos renovables. (4) desarrollo e incorporación de respuesta
a la demanda, de los recursos laterales de la demanda y de los recursos para la eficiencia energética.
(5) despliegue de tecnologías "inteligentes" (tecnologías en tiempo
real, automatizadas e interactivas
que optimicen la operación física
de aparatos y dispositivos para
el consumidor) para mediciones,

mayo/junio 2018


http://www.powerworld.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018

Contenidos
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover1
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover2
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Contenidos
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - 2
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IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover3
IEEE Power & Energy - Spanish - May/June 2018 - Cover4
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