Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 58

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 4,146 cases of Lyme in the commonwealth in
2012 (latest year available), which is down from the 4,739 cases in 2011. Pennsylvania leads all other states currently and in recent years annually in confirmed cases of Lyme. The Pennsylvania Department of Health reports
the state's hottest counties for Lyme from 2008 to 2012 were Armstrong, Cameron, Centre, Chester, Clearfield,
Elk, Fulton, Jefferson and Wayne. These counties averaged 100 or more cases per 100,000 people. Second tier
counties (50 to 99 cases per 100,000) were: Adams, Bucks, Butler, Carbon, Centre, Clarion, Clinton, Columbia,
Indiana, Juniata, Lebanon, Lycoming, McKean, Mifflin, Monroe, Montgomery, Montour, Perry, Potter, Wyoming
and York. But every county in Pennsylvania has reported cases of Lyme. That won't change.
Hunters and trappers are susceptible to ticks carrying Lyme because they spend hours upon hours in the
state's forests and fields scouting and hunting or trapping. Most pick up ticks by brushing against vegetation,
or by sitting in one position for lengthy periods waiting for game. Successful hunters and trappers also handle
game that often is hosting ticks. A white-tailed deer, for example, might be home to thousands of ticks. So when
you consider that ticks attach themselves to everything from mice to elk, it's a no-brainer that anyone handling
game - even hunting dogs - should take precautions.
The first step to reducing your risk to Lyme disease involves using insect repellent, preferable one containing
DEET; use as directed by the manufacturer. Tuck you pants legs into your field socks, or wear field pants with leg
tie-offs. Avoid contact with vegetation if you can while hunting. If you can't, know that you're more susceptible to
picking up a hitchhiking tick. For your hunting dog, get it some sort tick repellent or repelling collar. Unfortunately,
some of our favorite hunting and trapping places are in those brushy habitats ticks like. The increased threat of
encountering ticks is the risk all hunters and trappers assume when they head into these places.
Since ticks hitchhike on our clothes, backpacks and other gear, and our hunting dogs and harvested game,
we must be cognizant of the possibility they may be joining us on the ride home. There are ways to keep them
from hopping off in your vehicle or at home. First, spray your dog with an insecticide that kills ticks on contact
before you put it in its pet carrier for the ride home. Place trapped animals or harvested small game in trash
bags; wrap deer and other big game in a tarp. If you process your own deer, lay a disposable tarp or sheet of
plastic beneath the deer as you skin it. When the hide's off, wrap it in the tarp or plastic and put it in a trash bag
immediately. Otherwise, you could be giving ticks a free ride to your yard or home.
When you get home, place your hunting clothes in a container and leave them there until they can be
washed. After undressing, inspect yourself for ticks; use a mirror. Ticks often are in your armpits and along the
beltline - they like tight areas - but they can and do attach themselves almost anywhere on your body. Hunters
and trappers also can make a huge difference in Lyme prevention by taking a hot shower within two hours after
they return from the field. Be aware of ticks and protect yourself. And, remember, your family's depending on you.

Coyotes Are Becoming More Visible
Game Mammals Section Supervisor Matt Lovallo covers coyote expansion

T

HE eastern coyote is found throughout the northeastern United States and southeastern Canadian provinces. Recent DNA research indicates that Pennsylvania's present-day coyote population is the result of
hybridization between coyotes and gray wolves in southern Canada nearly a century ago. Offspring from this
interbreeding immigrated into the northeastern states during the early to mid-1900s. As a result, the eastern
coyote exhibits different behaviors, habitat use, pelt coloration, prey preferences and home-range sizes from its
western counterpart.
The first coyote identified as an animal similar to what we today call the "eastern coyote" was killed in
Tioga County in 1940. From the 1940s to through the 1960s, coyotes entered northern Pennsylvania from the
Catskill Mountains in New York, and spread slowly south. In the 1970s, the highest population was in the Pocono
Mountains of the state. The coyote continued to expand its range during the late 1970s and occupied the entire
state by 1990, with the highest populations across the northern half of the state. Over the last 20 years, coyotes
have continued to expand their range and are currently found in every county.
Over the last two decades, interest in hunting and trapping coyotes has increased dramatically. The numbers
of hunters and trappers pursuing coyotes in Pennsylvania has increased from 13,600 in 1992 to nearly 73,000 during the 2012-13 seasons. Coyote harvests have increased at a similar pace; 4,400 coyotes were harvested during

58

Pennsylvania Game Commission



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015

Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Intro
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 3
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 4
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 5
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 6
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 7
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 8
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 9
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 10
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 11
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 12
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 13
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 14
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 15
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 16
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 17
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 18
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 19
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 20
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 21
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 22
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 23
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 24
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 25
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 26
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 27
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 28
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 29
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 30
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 31
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 32
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 33
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 34
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 35
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 36
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 37
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 38
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 39
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 40
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 41
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 42
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 43
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 44
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 45
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 46
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 47
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 48
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 49
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 50
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 51
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 52
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 53
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 54
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 55
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 56
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 57
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 58
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 59
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 60
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 61
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 62
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 63
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 64
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 77
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 78
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 84
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 85
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 86
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover4
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