Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 71

Cable RestRaints

A cable restraint is a highly specialized trapping device designed to restrain foxes and coyotes without
injury. Cable restraints employ modern modifications, such as flexible multi-strand cable, relaxing locks,
and breakaway stops and hooks to restrain animals in winter conditions where traditional trapping
methods are less effective. Trappers use cable restraints to capture foxes and coyotes by suspending the
loop within a pathway used by the species of interest. The loop is usually held in place by a piece of light
wire. As the animal enters the device, its own forward progress draws the loop tight around the body. The
animal is then held alive until the trapper arrives to check the set.
The legalization of cable restraints in Pennsylvania was based on data collected during one of the
most ambitious trap research projects in the history of wildlife management - the development of Best
Management Practices for Trapping (BMPs) in the U.S. Trapping BMPs identify techniques, traps and
cable restraints that maximize the welfare of trapped animals and allow for the efficient, selective, safe and
practical capture of furbearers. Cable restraints have been field tested by experienced trappers during legal
land trapping seasons in Wisconsin, Missouri and Pennsylvania. Animals harvested during these studies
were sent to wildlife veterinarians at the University of Wyoming, who used international guidelines
to examine and evaluate them for capture-related injuries. The animal welfare performance of cable
restraints was outstanding.

Cable RestRaint Regulations:
The use of cable restraints by certified trappers in Pennsvlvania is highly regulated. They are permitted
only during late winter periods, December 26 through Feb. 22, 2015, for foxes and coyotes, when freezing conditions render traditional methods ineffective.
Everyone who traps in Pennsylvania must follow strict guidelines established and enforced by the Game
Commission. Regulations dictating the species that may be harvested, seasons, trap types and where traps
can be placed are reviewed annually by PGC biologists and law enforcement personnel. In addition to
general trapping regulations, these specific regulations have been instituted for using cable restraints in
Pennsylvania:
To use cable restraints trappers must first complete a certified cable restraint training course (check
the agency website at www.pgc.state.pa.us for course schedule, or contact the HTE Division at the PGC
Headquarters in Harrisburg (717-787-7015), and possess a valid furtakers license, qualify for license and
fee exemptions under section 2706 of the act (relating to resident license and fee exemptions) or qualify
for trapping exceptions under section 2363 of the act (relating to trapping exception for certain persons).
The trapper shall have a certificate from this course in possession while setting or checking sets using cable
restraints and present the certificate upon the request of any person whose duty it is to enforce this title.
Cable restraints must be made of a galvanized stranded steel cable with a diameter of not less than 3/32
of an inch. The cable must be constructed of 7 bundles of 7 wires per bundle (7x7), 7 bundles of 19 wires
per bundle (7x19), or 1 bundle comprised of 19 wires. The cable may not exceed 7 feet in length from
the anchor point to the relaxing lock contacting the fully closed loop stop, must be equipped with at least
one swivel device (which allows for 360-degree rotation) between the loop and the anchor and must have
stops affixed to the cable to ensure that the circumference of the cable that makes up the loop may not
be greater than 38 inches when fully open, or less than 8 inches when fully closed. Cable restraint loops
must be set so that the bottom of the loop is no less than 6 and no greater than 12 inches above the first
surface beneath the cable restraint. Cable restraints must be equipped with a relaxing-type lock, and the
lock may not be constructed with moving parts. A cable restraint must include a breakaway device affixed
between the relaxing-type lock and cable or at the end of the cable that is rated at 375 pounds or less. The
cable must be maintained in good condition so that all components operate properly. Trappers eligible to
use cable restraints for foxes and coyotes can keep non-target furbearers that are incidentally captured in
a cable restraint during seasons in which those furbearers are legal for harvest. Other wildlife mistakenly
killed with cable restraints must be reported to any Game Commission officer in the county where the kill
occurred. Call the appropriate region office to have an officer respond.

2014-15 PA Hunting & Trapping Digest

71


http://www.pgc.state.pa.us

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015

Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Intro
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 3
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 4
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 5
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 6
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 7
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 8
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 9
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 10
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 11
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 12
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 13
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 14
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 15
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 17
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 18
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 19
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 20
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 21
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 22
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 23
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 24
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 25
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 26
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 27
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 28
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 29
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 30
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 31
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 39
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 40
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 41
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 42
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 43
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 44
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 47
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Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - 86
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest 2014-2015 - Cover4
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