Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 18

What is it? Where did it come from? Eastern Coyote By Roland Kays Curator of Mammals, New York State Museum Hal Korber W HO ARE YOU? Where did you come from? This pair of questions greets any newcomer, be they a new family moving in down the street or a new species of animal colonizing an area. A coyote-like animal moved into Pennsylvania 60 years ago, but never gave its name. It also neglected to mention how it got here; from the west or north? On four feet or in someone’s truck? Maybe it was always here and we just never noticed? The fossil record answers the last question: There is no evidence of coyotes living in Pennsylvania since it was covered in tundra at the last glaciation. Instead, there were wolves running across the landscape, hunting deer, beaver and elk, and threatening colonists’ livestock. Fear made the wolf public enemy number one, and the government paid bounties to encourage their persecution. Sometime in the 1890s the last wolf in the commonwealth was shot. Over the next 60 years a scattering of wolves and coyotes were reported around the state. Some reports turned out to be feral dogs, others were pet wolves. Some were coyotes, brought into the state — mistakenly — by fox-hunting clubs. Dishonest animal dealers sold coyote pups as foxes to the clubs, and as the pups grew to reveal their true identity, some were set loose. By the 1950s, the records of coyote-like creatures were becoming less of a scattering and more of a regular thing. Mapping out the coyote reports revealed a broad northern band stretching from Pennsylvania’s northwest border with Ohio across most of the counties adjacent to New York. These were no longer a few escaped pets, but breeding populations. By the early 1980s they had pushed south and colonized the entire state. During the ensuing 30 years, their populations continued to grow; today they are a common, yet elusive, species in wild, rural and urban areas. Pennsylvania has a new top predator. But what is this thing? Everyone recognized that these animals were larger than western coyotes. Typical western coyotes weigh 25 to 30 pounds while Pennsylvania animals were averaging 35 to 40, with a few maxing out around GAME NEWS

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010

Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010
Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Contents
A Chocolate-Covered Cream-Filled . . . Gobbler
The Close Call
Silent Whispers
The Shot Not Taken
Eastern Coyote
A Grandparents’ Pride, A Grandson’s Gift
In the Company of Children
A Jake for Ben
Early Bear Management
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Fun Game
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - A Chocolate-Covered Cream-Filled . . . Gobbler
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - The Close Call
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Silent Whispers
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - The Shot Not Taken
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Eastern Coyote
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - A Grandparents’ Pride, A Grandson’s Gift
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - In the Company of Children
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - A Jake for Ben
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Early Bear Management
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Cover4
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