Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 21

mitochondrial DNA. Their migration also left a second unique pattern in their genetics — very low diversity, with only three genetic types present throughout the region. Typical western coyote populations have many dozens of genetic types. We believe that this low diversity is the result of a very limited dispersal of coyotes from Ontario across the St. Lawrence River into New York. Possibly just a handful of females made it across. This very low diversity is seen in all populations from central New York and Pennsylvania east through New England and into Quebec, and suggests that the sporadic introduction of coyotes by hunting clubs or pet owners did not have an influence on the colonization of the region by coyotes. If these introduced animals had survived and bred they would have injected more genetic diversity into the population that would still be evident today. The genetic pattern we observed in Ohio was much different, with a high variety of genetic types and no wolf-like influences. This is typical of western coyote populations, and suggests these animals faced no hybridization or major barriers to their movement. Western Pennsylvania and western New York are now a sort of contact zone between these different types of coyotes; western coyotes are spreading from Ohio while northeastern coyotes, or “coy-wolves” are moving in from the north and east. How these types interact is anyone’s guess. Do they recognize each other as being different? Will they breed and further mix up the genetics of eastern coyotes? Will the strains with a dash of wolf DNA survive better because they are more efficient deer REFERENCES Fener, H. M., Ginsberg, J. R., Sanderson, E., & Gompper, M. E. 2005. Chronology of range expansion of the Coyote Canis latrans, in New York. Canadian Field Naturalist 119, 1-5. Lawrence, B. & Bossert, W. H. 1969. The cranial evidence for hybridization in New England Canis. Breviora 330, 1-13. Kays, R., Curtis, A., & Kirchman, J. J. 2009. Rapid adaptive evolution of northeastern coyotes via hybridization with wolves. Biology Letters. Williams, S. L., McLaren, S. B., & Burgwin, M. A. 1985. Paleoarchaeological and historical records of selected Pennsylvania mammals. Annals of Carnegie Museum 54, 77188. hunters? Or, will the pure coyotes survive better because they are better able to sneak around and avoid conflict with humans? Last but not least — what should we call this animal? Coydog seems inaccurate, because we found so little evidence of dog genes in the population. Coywolf might be more accurate, but may overstate the amount of wolf influence. For now, I prefer ‘Eastern Coyote,’ because it implies the animal is still a coyote, but is different than its western cousin: just as wily, no doubt, but even more adaptable, with a little help from the wolves. POPULAR FURBEARER Sportsmen have certainly noticed the arrival and increase in coyotes in Pennsylvania. In 1990, according to Game-Take and Furbearer surveys, 7,782 hunters and trappers took 1,810 coyotes. In 2000, 28,270 hunters and trappers took 10,160 coyotes, and in 2008, our latest figures, 40,982 hunters and trappers took 23,699 of the animals. APRIL 2010

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010

Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010
Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Contents
A Chocolate-Covered Cream-Filled . . . Gobbler
The Close Call
Silent Whispers
The Shot Not Taken
Eastern Coyote
A Grandparents’ Pride, A Grandson’s Gift
In the Company of Children
A Jake for Ben
Early Bear Management
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Fun Game
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - A Chocolate-Covered Cream-Filled . . . Gobbler
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - The Close Call
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Silent Whispers
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - The Shot Not Taken
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Eastern Coyote
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - A Grandparents’ Pride, A Grandson’s Gift
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - In the Company of Children
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - A Jake for Ben
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Early Bear Management
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2010 - Cover4
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