Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 4

wilderness. While trapping and trading were highly successful ventures, there was always an element of danger. Beginning in 1663, and continuing off and on for 95 years, the Native American nations were engaged in many wars. In 1758, in what was known as the Easton Treaty, the Iroquois and Delaware nations made peace, bringing the Native American wars in Pennsylvania to an end. In that time period, trappers and fur traders sometimes accidentally became casualties of those skirmishes. The “king” of trappers and fur traders was George Croghan. This resourceful Irishman turned fur trading into big business, and reportedly employed scores of business agents throughout the fledgling colony. When Crogan and his staff of servants and workers arrived at a Native American village or a fledgling settlement, accompanied by several hundred pack mules, it was a big event. This fur dealer was well respected by Native Americans, because he not only learned their dialects, but was also

His business ventures included constructing storage houses on the Susquehanna, Ohio and Allegheny rivers. In 1775 he built Fort Shirley. First a stockade, this structure became a major link in the chain of frontier forts west of the Susquehanna. Fort Shirley later became famous as a base for the Armstrong Expedition. The fort stood at the site of what is now Shirleysburg in Huntingdon County. In George Croghan’s travels across Pennsylvania, particularly with such a large pack train to move goods, he quickly learned to use the well established Native American trails. Advising others of these trails, which avoided heavy underbrush and steep ascents, these paths became this state’s initial byways. The Wyalusing, Minisink, Frankstown, Raystown and the Conemaugh became regular trails for settlers spreading across the state. At times, well worn buffalo trails were also used. BOUNTIES From 1683 through 1724, liberal bounties were paid for wolves. In the ensuing years, there were so many wolves submitted for payment in what is now Chester County that it became necessary for a special tax to be imposed on each person to assist in fulfilling the bounty demands. Many settlers supplemented their chosen livelihood by trapping and collecting the 10 or 15 shillings bounty that was placed on wolves. Native Americans were also eligible to collect a reward of five shillings for each wolf killed, and also were allowed to keep the wolf hide. In 1705 a law was passed authorizing the hiring of full-time professional wolf killers. In 1802, dollar rewards were instituted, with counties paying the bounties of $8 for an adult wolf and $2.50 for a pup. In 1840 the state legislature placed a $25 bounty
GAME NEWS

the king’s “treaty enforcer,” responsible for expelling squatters from Native American land. For the furs received from the Native Americans, he provided them with steel knives, jewelry and cookware.
4



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010

Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010
Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Contents
Three Centuries and Counting
A Different Perspective
Trappin’ a Bobcat
Getting Extreme with Scent Control
Wills Mountain Scrub Oak Barrens Restoration
The Greatest Conservation Story in American History
Pennsylvania’s “Other” Fox
The Conneaut Lake Goose Chase
Looking Back Through Binoculars
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Fun Game
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Three Centuries and Counting
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - A Different Perspective
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Trappin’ a Bobcat
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Getting Extreme with Scent Control
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Wills Mountain Scrub Oak Barrens Restoration
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - The Greatest Conservation Story in American History
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Pennsylvania’s “Other” Fox
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - The Conneaut Lake Goose Chase
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Looking Back Through Binoculars
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - NatureInse
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - NatureInse
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2010 - Cover4
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