Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 18

harvested in Pennsylvania have already passed their genes onto future generations. Third, a few mature males are not dominating breeding. In two different studies, yearling males successfully sired fawns in populations with high percentages of older males. In fact, most males, regardless of age, PERCENTAGES do not add up to 100 percent sired only one litter. Fourth, does are regularly being because those who neither support nor oppose bred by multiple bucks. Initially are not included. studied in captive deer, multiple pa- Age Structure of Antlered Harvest ternity has been documented in every Age structure of the antlered harvest free-ranging white-tailed deer study in before APRs was about 80 percent yearwhich researchers have looked. Popu- ling bucks and 20 percent adult bucks. lations with different male age struc- With the increase in survival of yearling tures in different states have seen lit- bucks under APRs, the age structure of the ters with two or more offspring hav- antlered harvest changed to about 55 pering different fathers at rates of 20-24 cent yearling bucks and 45 percent adult percent. bucks. This increase in adult buck harvest Finally, a buck’s mother contributes has occurred during a time when overall half of his genetic characteristics, but deer populations have declined. nobody can tell what a doe’s contriThe increased harvest of adult bucks bution to her son’s antlers will be. does not necessarily mean more “record There is no way to visually evaluate book” bucks. Although age structure and the genetic antler potential of a doe. number of adult bucks in the harvest has As a result, 50 percent of the genetic increased, about 75 percent of them are contribution to future antler develop- only 2.5 years-of-age. In other words, most ment is randomly selected. of the state’s bucks are still being harvested Given the complexity of the white- prior to growing their largest antlers. tailed deer’s breeding ecology and high genetic variation, large-scale alter- Hunter Support ation to Pennsylvania’s deer herd gePrior to changing to APRs, surveys netics is unlikely. showed a majority of hunters favored them. Many hunter surveys have been conducted Hunter Success Rates since APRs started in 2002. Would hunter Increasing the standard for the har- support wane after APRs became reality? vest of a legal buck with APRs could Not hardly! In fact, hunter support of APRs have reduced the number of hunters has remained steady since their implemenwho were successful. Tracking hunter tation. success rates over the last three decades has shown little change in the Conclusion percentage of successful hunters. ToAfter six years, APRs are a success. they day, licensed Pennsylvania hunters are have increased survival and the buck age as successful harvesting a buck under structure. They have maintained strong APRs as their predecessors were 20 support from hunters, and Keystone State years ago under the old antler restric- hunters are experiencing similar levels of tion. success.
18 GAME NEWS



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010

Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010
Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Contents
First Archery Buck
Red Oak, White Oak
Just Like the Good Old Days
Step Back in Time
Antler Restrictions in Pennsylvania
What Goes Up . . .
First Time’s a Charm
100 Deer
The Brute
Flight 93
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
Fun Game
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - First Archery Buck
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Red Oak, White Oak
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Just Like the Good Old Days
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Step Back in Time
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Antler Restrictions in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - What Goes Up . . .
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - First Time’s a Charm
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 100 Deer
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - The Brute
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Flight 93
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - I1
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - I2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Cover4
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