Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 9

Leaves of the white oaks have rounded tips, while those of the red oak group have pointed tips.
baskets sunken in streams, white oak acorns needed less time for leaching, and in the woods yet today, when both kinds of seeds are there for scooping up, deer, squirrels and mice seek out the white oak seeds first, as a matter of taste. That presents white oak with a problem. Its sweetness dims its prospects for seed survival. To compensate, white oak crafted its ability to germinate fast. Meanwhile, red oak nuts play their waiting game of winter dormancy, rooting in the spring when their seedling can’t freeze. But they hold more than bitter tannin inside their husks. Besides being less appealing, at least initially, acorns of red oaks are also more nutritious. They contain more protein, carbohydrate and four times more fat than white oak seeds, even after months of soaking in rain and melt. So, as wild things nuzzle aside red oak acorns in early fall, in favor of white, they unconsciously reserve

forests of Appalachia, but surely they used acorns in the midst of such bounty. Interestingly, our own culture’s most extensive involvement with tannins had nothing to do with oak or with taste. Beginning before the Civil War, loggers felled the great hemlock forests across northern Pennsylvania for the tannin locked in their bark. All across the mingled headwaters of the Allegheny and Susquehanna, great dark trees a hundred feet tall were cut and peeled of their bark, then left to rot on the naked ridges. Flatcars of bark trundled into tannery towns around the forest fringe where it was cooked in vats, rendering caustic liquor that could tan leather. All the harnesses that pulled America from an agricultural economy into the Industrial Revolution were cured with tannin leached from the bark of headwater hemlocks. Acorn-eating among indigenous peoples probably arose in Eurasia, then spread east and north to where oaks can’t grow. After humans crossed the temporary Bering Isthmus and filtered down the western spine of North America 20,000 or so years ago, they rekindled oak culture on the slopes of the Rockies, then spread it east, learning along the way what deer and woodrats already knew, that acorns of white oaks are “sweeter” than red. In handmade
SEPTEMBER 2010

9



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010

Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010
Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Contents
First Archery Buck
Red Oak, White Oak
Just Like the Good Old Days
Step Back in Time
Antler Restrictions in Pennsylvania
What Goes Up . . .
First Time’s a Charm
100 Deer
The Brute
Flight 93
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
Fun Game
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Life & Times of the Whitetail Biologist
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - First Archery Buck
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Red Oak, White Oak
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Just Like the Good Old Days
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Step Back in Time
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Antler Restrictions in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - What Goes Up . . .
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - First Time’s a Charm
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 100 Deer
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - The Brute
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Flight 93
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - I1
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - I2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2010 - Cover4
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