Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 24

Whitetail History 101
artwork by scott calpino

By Eugene R. Slatick

W

HeN we THINK of the white-tailed deer we are not likely to think of the history behind it. But if we backtrack the whitetail through history we find a lot of interesting things about the most popular game animal. Some of them are given in the following notes, jotted down along old whitetail trails: The white-tailed deer evolved in North America some 3 to 4 million years ago, during the Pliocene epoch of earth history, and it hasn’t changed much over the years. Fossil antlers, jaw bones, and limb bones found in Florida and dated at 2 to 2.5 million years old look very much like those of today’s whitetail. The whitetail’s lineage can be traced back around 35 million years to eurasia in Oligocene times. Its primitive ancestors migrated from what is now Siberia to North America across the Bering Land Bridge, which formed several times in the distant past. One of the whitetail’s ancient North American relatives was smaller than a large dog and around three feet long. It had an

arched back, upper canine tusks, no antlers and resembled today’s musk deer. Another was larger and had a long Y-shaped horn jutting from its nose and shorter horns above the eyes. Antlers were a later development. The whitetail is part of Pennsylvania’s Ice Age history, living here during some of the times the glaciers receded. Fossils of a whitetail around 750,000 years old were found in 1870 in a cave exposed in a quarry (now filled in) at Port Kennedy, in what is now the Valley Forge National Historical Park. Alongside the whitetail fossils were fossils of extinct animals, such as the mastodon and sabertoothed cat. Around 13,000 years ago, at the end of the Ice Age,
game news

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011

Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011
Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Contents
Squirrel Hunting Disease
Five Drives on Saturday
Two Merchants of Death
Family Tradition
High Tech Grouse Finds
The Future of Traditional Archery
Brunswick Barbeque
Whitetail History 101
Finally
Five Generations, One Gun
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Fun Game
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Myths & Legends of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Squirrel Hunting Disease
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Five Drives on Saturday
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Two Merchants of Death
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Family Tradition
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - High Tech Grouse Finds
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - The Future of Traditional Archery
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Brunswick Barbeque
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Whitetail History 101
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Finally
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Five Generations, One Gun
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2011 - Cover4
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