Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 61

1,125 fps. Compared to today’s cartridges it seems pretty anemic, but back then it was high tech in a revolutionary repeating rifle. With one full stroke of the lever, it cocked the hammer, ejected a spent case and loaded a live round from a split tube magazine. As revolutionary as the Henry was it did have some design flaws. The magazine tube was split with an exposed follower that had to be manually raised into a tube recess (with the spring) that would be moved aside for cartridges to be dropped in, and then the recessed tube was moved back in place and the follower would hold the cartridges in tension for reloading the chamber. This split magazine allowed dirt to get in and gum up the works if not kept clean. Also, the ejection/loading port was exposed, permitting dirt to get into the action. The Henry rifle lasted until 1866 when Oliver Winchester had the design improved (although still toggle) with the introduction of a loading gate (as part of the action) that fed an enclosed tubular magazine with an enclosed follower and spring that would compress as each cartridge was loaded through the gate. It also had a wooden forestock, giving the hand better purchase of the rifle (also protecting the hand from a hot barrel from consecutive shots). This was labeled the Winchester Model 66 and used the .44 rimfire cartridge. In as much as the Model 66 was an improvement over the Henry, it was the introduction of more powerful centerfire cartridges (.44-40 WCF) that called for a stronger action. It was mainly due to the gun metal frame (brass/bronze alloy), as well as the toggle action design, that limited the pressure of the cartridge that could be used. It was the introduction of the Winchester Model 73 that really put a mark in lever action history. Using improved steel (early production was an iron alloy, changing to steel shortly later in production) for the action, as well as beefing up the toggle
SEPTEMBER  2012 

design, it was designed to handle the new centerfire .44-40 Winchester cartridge (200-grain 44-caliber slug with 40 grains of black powder at 1,250 fps). It also had a dust cover over the ejection/loading port to keep dirt out (it would open when the action was worked but had to be manually closed when shooting was done). This made recharging the rifle easier, simpler and cleaner. The Winchester Model 73 became one of the most popular rifles in lever action history, and was manufactured until 1923. It was chambered in .44-40 WCF, .38-40 WCF, .32-20 WCF, as well as the .22 rimfire cartridge. But as longer, more powerful cartridges were developed, such as the .45-70, the mechanical length and strength of the Model 73 was lacking. Winchester came out with the 1876, which was a longer version of the Model 73. While not long enough for the .45-70 length cartridges, it was chambered for the new shorter .45-75 WCF cartridge with 75 grains of powder throwing a lighter 350-grain bullet at 1,400 fps. Later the rifle was also chambered for the .50-95 express, .40-60 WCF and the .45-60 WCF. This model was popular enough to last until 1897, and approximately 63,000 were made. Winchester still wanted to build a rifle that was strong enough to handle the pressures of longer cartridges with heavy slugs (as well as the newer, higher pressured smokeless powders). With the genius of John Browning, Winchester introduced the Model 1886. The new steels and the new design, with its double vertical sliding locking lugs, were perfect for the purpose. The Model 1886 also had great aesthetic appeal and was a very smooth action. Winchester hit a home run with this model, and it was chambered for cartridges such as the .45-70, .45-90 WCF, .40-82 WCF, .50-110 Express, .33 WCF, as well as a few others. Later on, as the metallurgy improved, the Model 1886 was redesigned in the Model 71 in 1936 to handle the
61



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012

Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012
History of the Whitetail
Table of Contents
Going to the Ducks
A Tribute to Jon DeBerti
You Can’t Call It Back
Cover Story
Last Shot for Pap?
75 Years of Success in Pennsylvania
NASP Students are Hungry for More
Bears and Turkeys
A Natural Connection
The Other Migratory Game Birds
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Fun Game
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - History of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Table of Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Going to the Ducks
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - A Tribute to Jon DeBerti
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - You Can’t Call It Back
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Cover Story
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Last Shot for Pap?
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 75 Years of Success in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - NASP Students are Hungry for More
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Bears and Turkeys
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - A Natural Connection
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - The Other Migratory Game Birds
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2012 - Cover4
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