Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 10

Pennsylvania passed a major conservation milestone in 2011, with more than 200 known bald eagle nests in 51 counties. Pennsylvania is a key state in the Appalachian Mountain region for the future of the golden-winged warbler, a national watch-list species. As a young-forest species, this warbler overlaps in its habitat with several other species of high priority for the Game Commission, including the American woodcock and ruffed grouse. The agency plays an important 2011-12 role by coordinating monitoring of this species with Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology and promoting its management with many partners. White Nose Syndrome (WNS) in bats is an epidemic of unprecedented proportion in North American wildlife. Its rapid spread and virulence threaten the continued existence of the most common cave-dwelling bat species, primary predators of nightflying agricultural and forest insect pests. Since its discovery in upstate New York in February 2006, WNS has spread to 21 states and 4 provinces, with mortality greater than 90 percent at many hibernation sites. First found in Pennsylvania in December 2008, WNS was known to affect sites in 29 of the state’s 67 counties at the end of the 201112 hibernation season, and nearly every hibernaculum is believed to be contaminated. This catastrophic loss of bats has the potential to destabilize ecosystems and increase reliance on chemical alternatives. In addition to leading a federally supported response effort by Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states, the Game Commission’s Diversity Division was actively involved in development of multiple sections of the WNS National Plan and is actively involved in its implementation. No effective treatment for WNS, either natural or pharmaceutical, has been identified to date. The northern flying squirrel was listed as a state endangered species in 2007. During the period leading up to the listing, research supported by a federal State Wildlife Grant found that red spruce is a vital component of active northern flying squirrel sites in Pennsylvania. Their primary food source is a fungus that grows symbiotically with tree roots, and red spruce is associated with more genera of this type of fungus that any other tree species. In 2011, nearly 2,500 red spruce seedlings, raised at the Howard Nursery, were planted in active northern flying squirrel habitat in and around State Game Lands. The agency hopes to make landscape-level changes in key areas to benefit the northern flying squirrel for decades to come. The most encouraging results regarding the reclusive and largely solitary Allegheny woodrat, a state threatened species, continue to come from the state’s central counties. Management implemented on a Dauphin County SGL in 2009 and 2010 resulted in five times more fresh woodrat sign in 2011. An active habitat site was found in a new metapopulation area on a ridge in adjacent Northumberland County. A captive breeding program, formerly housed at Purdue University but relocated to Pennsylvania’s Delaware Valley College, provides the potential to improve the genetic diversity of woodrats on managed habitat. The primary responsibility of the PGC six regional wildlife diversity biologists is the habitat-based Private Landowner Assistance Program (PLAP). During 2011-12 fiscal year, regional diversity biologists prepared 127 plans for 17,890 acres. Since program inception in 2004, more than 1,090 plans have been produced for more than 163,000 privately owned acres. Regional diversity biologists also contribute to comprehensive planning for the state’s more than 1.4 million acres of State Game Lands. We provided many wildlife related presentations to the public during the year, and routinely updated the agency website to expand the availability of wildlife information.

10

GAME NEWS



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013

Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013
Contents
PGC 2011-12 Annual Report
Late Season Grouse
Then and Now
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Fun Game
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - PGC 2011-12 Annual Report
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Late Season Grouse
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Then and Now
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - A
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - B
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover4
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