Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 61

but does not really stabilize the longer, modern bullets. To achieve the correct stability for a bullet (pointed cylinder of lead), a different style of rifling is needed. Long bullets, particularly the sabotted variety, can be compared to the flight of a football, and they need a faster rotation rate to stabilize their flight to achieve top accuracy. Regardless of the type of flintlock chosen to hunt in the late season, be sure to practice with the same load. If you have been happy with your traditional black powder and patched roundball, you are in good company. This load has harvested whitetails effectively for more than 300 years. Just remember that this is a game of stealth, woodsmanship and shots less than a football field away. Flintlock Bullets Will all kinds of bullets shoot well out of my flintlock rifle? First, consider that any bullet must be accelerated uniformly out of the barrel. That means using a consistent powder charge that causes small group sizes on the target, while ensuring enough velocity at the game animal for the bullet to cause maximum tissue destruction and penetration. This usually happens above 900 feet per second for soft lead bullets and 1,200 feet per second for jacketed bullets. Accelerate the bullet too fast and it might become unstable, like a curve ball thrown by a pitcher. Accelerate the bullet too slowly and bullet drop becomes a major nemesis. The choice of bullet will have a profound effect on accuracy. For those who hunt with a traditional roundball bullet (powder, patch and ball), the following information may confirm only what you already suspected. A 45-caliber flintlock with a 26-inch barrel can be loaded with a patched roundball (a .440 roundball weighs 127 grains) and 70 grains of FFFg black powder to produce a muzzle velocity close to 1,900 feet per second. This load generates about 1,000 foot-pounds of energy at
JANUARY 2013

the muzzle, twice the minimum energy needed for a whitetail. A roundball sheds energy quickly, though. In just 50 yards this load will lose half of its energy, leaving a hunter with about 536 foot pounds. This is awfully close to the minimum needed, but consider that it is still more energy than that of some magnum handgun loads often recommended for deer hunting. The 45-caliber’s higher velocity, compared to other calibers, makes it the fastest and flattest shooting of all the flintlock calibers legal for deer. Many of the older flintlock rifles were designed to accurately shoot roundballs, but some flintlock barrels are designed to handle the conical lead, copper, jacketed and plastic sabotted bullets. This change allows for a bullet that carries more energy downrange than the roundball. A gun with a rifling rate greater than 1:48 stabilizes patched-roundballs. If your choice of bullet is a maxi ball, Minié ball or a sabotted bullet, choose barrels with rifling rates of 1:30 to 1:20 rotations. Hunters must be willing to accept the slower velocities and heavier recoils for these heavier, slug-belching barrels. Velocity is important. The slower the bullet, the less hydrostatic shock and smaller wound channel it will create. In other words, even though the cylindrical bullet has more retained energy, it may not be as accurate or kill as quickly as the roundball in a slow twist barrel. When a 50-caliber is loaded with 80 grains of FFFg or 90 grains of FFg black powder (there is about a 10 percent increase in velocity when using the smaller FFFg granulation size, but the larger FFg produces safer, lower breech pressures, especially with the heavier conical bullets), the 180 grain roundball produces a muzzle velocity close to 1,800 feet per second with about 1,300 foot pounds of energy. This is a significant leap in energy from the 45-caliber. It will give the open woods hunter a distinct lethal-range advantage. In fact, the gun’s roundball lethality carries all the way out to 80 yards. Perhaps that is why
61



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013

Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013
Contents
PGC 2011-12 Annual Report
Late Season Grouse
Then and Now
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Fun Game
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - PGC 2011-12 Annual Report
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Late Season Grouse
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Then and Now
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - A
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - B
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201805
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201802
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201702
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201605
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201603
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201602
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pa_huntingdigest1516
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pa_huntingdigest1415
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201205
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201105
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201101
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201009
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201007
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201005
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201002
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201001
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/annualreport2008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200809
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com